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Tillsammans med våra bröder på andra sidan Bottenviken: En studie av maskulinitet, nationalism och medborgarskap inom Vasa Skyddskår och Västerbottens Skytteförbund 1918-1944
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Together with our brothers on the other side of the Gulf of Bothnia : A study of masculinity, nationalism, and citizenship in the Civil Guard in Vaasa and Västerbotten´s Shooting Association 1918-1944 (English)
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the subject of expressions of masculinity in relation to nationalism and citi-zenship, focusing on how these expressions played a role in the shaping of the masculine ideal in the Civil Guard in Vaasa and Västerbotten's Shooting Association during the period of 1918 to 1944. The focus of the study lies on how masculinity, nationalism, and citizenship were connected in the two movements and how they contributed to an idea of an ideal masculinity and a male role as defender and protector of the nation. To accomplish this George L. Mosses’ theory of the evolu-tion of a modern masculine stereotype has been applied, in connection with theoretical concepts of nationalism and citizenship. The material has been subjected to a qualitative analysis with a herme-neutic approach, to be able to interpret and understand it in relation to the above mentioned theoreti-cal concepts. A comparative method has also been applied to the material, to enable placing these two local groups in a larger context by comparing them to one another. This paper argues that these two groups were based on an ideal of the masculine protector and citizen of the nation. A strong sense of duty to the nation followed closely the idea of a male citizen, whose task of maintaining skills of shooting and bodily fitness played a role in creating the ideal man of the nation. The three concepts of masculinity, nationalism, and citizenship played a crucial role in this process and there-fore they were interrelated. This study shows that shooting was viewed as preparation for war in a politically unstable environment during the examined time period. In both movements, the fear of conflict and/or war was present in varying degrees and the general political situation in Europe gave rise to a strong sense of vigilance. Class conflict was present in both countries and affected the two groups as well, though the situation in Finland was more on edge and culminated in the Finnish Civil War of 1918. Shooting was a way of creating strong, able, and well-adjusted citizens. It was also important that young boys and men were introduced to shooting in particular and sports in gen-eral. The Swedes and the Finns in their respective groups arranged shooting competitions together and established a close contact with one another in some form of mutual exchange. Efforts were made in shaping the male body both on the inside and outside, especially in the Finnish group where bodily strength and appearance was of great importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 85
Keywords [en]
20th Century, masculintiy, nationalism, citizenship, Sweden, Finland, Civil Guard, shooting
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159477OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159477DiVA, id: diva2:1318723
Educational program
Master Programme in Historical Studies
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Available from: 2019-05-28 Created: 2019-05-28 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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