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Self-Determination Theory och Theory of Planned Behavior: Teoretiska ramverk för att predicera träningsmängd
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Träning medför såväl fysiska som psykiska hälsofördelar. Trots att detta är vedertaget, tränar människor olika mycket och det finns även en andel människor som tränar otillräckligt. I föreliggande studie användes Self-Determination Theory (SDT) och Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), för att undersöka om faktorer inom dessa teorier kan förutsäga hur mycket människor i åldern 18 – 30 tränar i veckan. Data från personer som tränade olika mycket (n= 196, Målder= 24.94, SD= 2.69) samlades in genom ett elektroniskt självskattningsformulär som bestod av frågor om träning, Behavioral Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-3) och Theory of Planned Behavior Questionnaire. Multipla regressionsanalyser genomfördes för att undersöka hur väl SDT, TPB och en kombination av dessa predicerade träningsmängd. Resultatet visade att SDT och TPB såväl enskilt som tillsammans förklarade en signifikant andel av variansen i träningsmängd, samt att autonom motivation från SDT och upplevd beteendekontroll från TPB var de bästa prediktorerna för träningsmängd. Detta pekar på att en upplevelse av att träning är lätt, glädjefyllt och en integrerad del av en själv, förutsäger hög träningsmängd i veckan. Framtida forskning kan med fördel undersöka vilka andra faktorer utöver SDT och TPB som kan förklara varför människor tränar olika mycket.

Abstract [en]

Exercise entails both physical and mental health benefits. Despite this being common knowledge, people differ in the amount of exercise performed and some even exercise insufficiently. In the present study Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) were used to examine if factors within these theories can predict the amount of exercise performed in a week by people in the age of 18 to 30 years. Data from people that differed in the amount of exercise (n= 196, Mage= 24.94, SD= 2.69) was gathered through an electronic survey consisting of questions regarding exercise, Behavioral Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-3) and Theory of Planned Behavior Questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine to what extent SDT, TPB and a combination of these were able to predict the amount of exercise. Results showed that SDT and TPB, both together and on their own, explained a significant amount of the variance in the amount of exercise performed and that autonomous motivation from SDT and perceived behavioral control from TPB were the best predictors for the amount of exercise performed. This suggests that the experience of exercise being easy, joyful and an integrated part of the self, predicts a high amount of exercise. Future research could examine other factors beyond SDT and TPB that can explain the difference in the amount of exercise people perform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Exercise, BREQ-3, Theory of Planned Behavior Questionnaire, Self-Determination Theory, Theory of Planned Behavior
Keywords [sv]
Träning, BREQ-3, Theory of Planned Behavior Questionnaire, Self-Determination Theory, Theory of Planned Behavior
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159352OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159352DiVA, id: diva2:1318241
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved

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