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Paul’s Discourse on Slavery and Freedomin the Light of Stoic Philosophy
University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on Paul’s view on freedom for believers in the context ofslavery. Paul’s understanding comes through in his metaphorical usage of slavelanguage in 1 Cor 7:20-24. In this thesis, a comparison between the teaching ofPaul and that of the Stoics Seneca, Musonius, and Epictetus will support myinterpretation of Paul’s opinion regarding slavery and freedom. I first explore howPaul and the three Stoics advocate for their understanding of freedom for slaves,and then I compare Paul’s theological interpretation with the moral values of thethree Stoics. There is no doubt that Paul, Seneca, Musonius and Epictetus wereaware of the cruel physical judgments and hardships, which slaves suffered in thecontext of slavery. Though neither Paul nor the three Stoics expressed an intentionto terminate the existing hierarchical social structure and slavery system, they alsodid not ignore the physical judgments and hardships placed upon slaves. Theteachings of Paul, Seneca, Musonius and Epictetus testify that they had a commonwill to end, or at least reduce, the exploitation and dehumanization of slaves. Theircommon interest is to promote the possibility of freedom, equal fairness and kindlytreatments for slaves. Both groups preferred freedom and dignity for human beingsby ignoring the social standards and social identification of the Roman society.However, they emphasized inner freedom rather than the social freedom of the slaves.Aim of thesis: To compare Paul’s attitude to slavery and his metaphoricallanguage of slavery and freedom with that of the Stoic philosophers, Seneca,Epictetus, and Musonius.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 78
Keywords [en]
Slavery System, Patronage Culture, Social Classes, Greco-Roman World
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-229OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ths-229DiVA, id: diva2:1317372
Subject / course
Biblical Studies, New testament
Educational program
Master’s Programme in Theology, Biblical Studies, One year
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 630 kBChecksum SHA-512
d69ac98641570e3a517b254d47465079bba2d02d35be7049f120faf268cf477b263a6cdaf85e3c231f0c908e975ad07e6f1dbc85eb11f5c567cacd340e99c66b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Stockholm School of Theology
Religious Studies

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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