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Nyexaminerade psykologer i glesbygd: Arbetsmiljö och hälsa
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I kontrast mot internationell forskning har psykologarbete i glesbygd hittills varit underbeforskat i svensk kontext. Vidare kan övergången mellan utbildning och yrkesliv vara utmanande för psykologer. Studiens syfte var därför att kartlägga nyexaminerade psykologers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och psykiska hälsa i glesbygd baserat på arkivdata från två mätpunkter. En kvasiexperimentell tvärsnittsdesign utformades (n = 53) med testgrupp (glesbygd) och jämförelsegrupp (tätort), varav 77% kvinnor och 23% män, medelålder 32 år (SD = 4.66). Psykosocial arbetsmiljö undersöktes via delskalor från Second Version of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire och Professionell isolation. Psykisk hälsa och utmattning undersöktes via General Health Questionnaire och Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire. Gruppjämförelser via t-test visade att testgruppen skattade en högre grad av professionell isolation (p = .003, Cohen’s d = 1.03) medan jämförelsegruppen skattade en högre nivå av utmattning (p = .006, Cohen’s d = -.78). Inga statistiskt signifikanta skillnader framkom gällande måtten rollkonflikter, känslomässiga krav eller psykisk hälsa. De nyexaminerade psykologerna i glesbygd tycks välmående i sitt arbete men den professionella isolationen kvarstår som en viktig resursbrist att se över. Praktiska implikationer och förslag till framtida forskning presenteras. 

Abstract [en]

In contrast to international research, working as a psychologist in rural areas is a scarcely researched topic in the Swedish context. Furthermore, the transition between education and work life can be a challenge for psychologists. Thus, the purpose of this thesis was to analyze the psychosocial work environment, mental health, and burnout of newly graduated psychologists in the rural areas of Sweden, based on archive data. The study had a quasiexperimental cross-sectional design with a sample (n = 53) consisting of a test group (rural context) and a comparison group (urban context), 77% women and 23% men with an average age of 32 years (SD = 4.66). Psychosocial work environment was examined through Second Version of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and Professional isolation. Mental health and burnout were examined through General health Questionnaire and Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire. Group comparisons via t-test showed that the test group rated a higher score of professional isolation (p = .003, Cohen’s d = 1.03) while the comparison group rated a higher score of burnout (p = .006, Cohen’s d = -.78). No statistically significant differences concerning role conflicts, emotional demands or mental health were found. The newly graduated rural psychologists appear healthy in their work environment, but the professional isolation remains a cause for concern. Practical implications and future research areas are suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 41
Keywords [en]
rural areas, newly graduated psychologists, psychosocial work environment, mental health, burnout
Keywords [sv]
glesbygd, nyexaminerade psykologer, psykosocial arbetsmiljö, psykisk hälsa, utmattning
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159237DiVA, id: diva2:1317366
External cooperation
Eva-Lena Lindström, Glesbygdsmedicinskt centrum, Region Västerbotten
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Samspelet över tid mellan individuella och kontextuella faktorer gällande stress och välbefinnande bland psykologer och socialsekreterareAvailable from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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