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Utbildning och hälsa i nationens intresse: Styrningsteknologier och formering av en förädlad befolkning
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Gävle, Sverige.
2019 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Education and health in the Nation’s interest : Governing technologies and formation of a refined population (English)
Abstract [sv]

Avhandlingen består av fyra artiklar vilka handlar om medborgarfostran för att skapa en välfungerande nation. Syftet med avhandlingen är att problematisera hur utbildning och hälsa opererar som styrningsteknologier riktade mot befolkningen inom dagens förädlingsdiskurs. Det teoretiska och analytiska ramverket utgår från delar ur Foucaults begreppsapparat, nämligen styrningsmentalitet, biopolitik, diskursanalys och genealogi. Empirin består bland annat av offentliga dokument så som SOU, projektrapporter samt websidor. Analysen visar att även om befolkningen och dess problem beskrivs som olika, så antas det vara grundat i, och härröra från, okunnighet. För att åtgärda detta opererar utbildning och utbildningsinsatser för att skapa en välfungerande befolkning. Medborgarna styrs och regleras genom neoliberal styrning där tekniker som kontroll och disciplin möjliggör kartläggning, undervisningsinsatser, kategorisering och reglering. Den hälsosamma medborgaren förväntas vara autonom, ha viljan att ständigt lära och vara hälsosam i enlighet med normen. 

Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of four articles about civic education in order to create a well-functioning nation. The purpose of the thesis is to problematise how education and health operate as governing technologies aimed at the population within today's refinement discourse. The theoretical and analytical framework is based on Foucault's concepts of governmentality, biopolitics, discourse analyse and genealogy. The empirical material consists, among other things, of official documents such as SOUs, project reports and web pages. The results show that even if the population and its problems are described as different, it is assumed to be based on, and originate from, ignorance. To address this, education and educative measures operates to create a well-functioning population. The citizens are governed and regulated by neoliberal governance, where techniques such as control and discipline enable mapping, educational efforts, categorisation and regulation. The healthy citizen is expected to be autonomous, to have the will to constantly learn and be healthy in accordance with the norm. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2019. , p. 69
Series
Linköping Studies in Behavioural Science, ISSN 1654-2029 ; 219
Keywords [en]
Civic Education, education, health, nation, governmentality, biopolitics
Keywords [sv]
Medborgarfostran, utbildning, hälsa, nation, styrningsmentalitet, biopolitik
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156982DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-156982ISBN: 9789176850534 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156982DiVA, id: diva2:1316677
Public defence
2019-06-14, I:101, I-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Constructing a healthy, knowledgeable and well-educated citizen: Motivational interviews and physical activity on prescription
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing a healthy, knowledgeable and well-educated citizen: Motivational interviews and physical activity on prescription
2017 (English)In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 320-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent decades education has been suggested as an importantvsolution to current problems of the population’s health. A high level of education in general is construed as essential for the nation’s well-being and competitiveness. In this article we problematise the ways in which discourses on education, learning and health have become interlinked. Drawing on a post-structural theorisation inspired by Michel Foucault, we analyse Swedish policy documents on education and public health and direct our attention to how the healthy citizen is shaped and fostered. We illustrate how the healthy citizen emerges in opposition to the non-healthy, non-desirable and abnormal citizen. Citizens are made responsible for identifying their deficits and suggesting solutions. Governing techniques, such as motivational interviews and physical activity on prescription, operates in order to shape such citizens. Through these techniques, a confessional relation emerges, where citizens are invited to disclose their deficits and problems and in so doing shape themselves in a desired way.

Keywords
Education, Health, motivational interviews, physical activity on prescription, Foucault, Confession
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138394 (URN)10.1080/0158037X.2017.1334641 (DOI)000410888200006 ()
Available from: 2017-06-14 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2019-09-16
2. Discourses of lifelong learning: health as a governing technique in the shaping of the Swedish population
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Discourses of lifelong learning: health as a governing technique in the shaping of the Swedish population
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Lifelong Education, ISSN 0260-1370, E-ISSN 1464-519X, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focus on how the Swedish population is shaped into desirable citizens as resources for the nation?s prosperity. The aim is to analyse how health operates as a governing technique in discourses of lifelong learning. Within such current discourses the population is today described as generally well-educated and healthy, but not educated or healthy enough. When constructed as being in need of enhancement, measures of learning are suggested for regulating certain groups of the population into becoming what is regarded as desirable. Making use of Foucault?s notions of governmentality and genealogy, white and green papers from the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs from 1930s and today (2017) are analysed. The analysis shows that although the population is described as having different problems originating from ignorance, the solutions that are suggested in the different time periods are basically the same. The relation between learning and health is described in different ways in the 1930s and the present. In the 1930s learning is explained merely as a means to achieve a healthy population while in the present health is described both as a prerequisite and as an effect of learning. Further, there is also a difference in how the governing is conducted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156983 (URN)10.1080/02601370.2019.1592252 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-05-20

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Utbildning och hälsa i nationens intresse: Styrningsteknologier och formering av en förädlad befolkning(4268 kB)201 downloads
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