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Unga vuxnas erfarenheter av att leva med cancer.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer drabbar människor i alla delar av livet, frekvensen ökar bland äldre men även barn och unga drabbas. Unga vuxna är en definition på individer i åldrarna 18-30 år. Detta åldersspann kantas ofta av stora förändringar hos individen. Utbildning, jobb och relationer är faktorer som utvecklar identiteten och denna utveckling kan påverkas av sjukdomen. Bredare kunskaper i av individers erfarenheter kan underlätta sjuksköterskans arbete med att främja hälsa och minska lidande för individerna.

Syfte: Beskriva unga vuxnas erfarenheter av att leva med cancer.

Metod: litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design utifrån tio kvalitativa- och två kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar.

Huvudresultat

Deltagarna upplevde identitetsförändringar i samband med sjukdomen och dessa förändringar påverkade självbild och livskvalité. Sociala relationer påverkades av sjukdomen, dessa kunde stärkas eller försämras. Socialt stöd var viktigt, både från vårdpersonal och anhöriga. Deltagarna handskades med sjukdomen med hjälp av olika copingstrategier. Inom vården beskrevs ett behov av bättre information och mer kompetent personal. Deltagarna önskade flera förändringar i sjukhusmiljön, dessa innefattade inredning, mer aktiviteter och att vårdas med jämngamla individer.

Slutsats

Unga vuxnas erfarenheter av cancer tyder på att identitetsproblem ofta uppstår till följd av sjukdomen. Som sjuksköterska är det viktigt att se till patientens och anhörigas behov. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskor som jobbar med dessa människor har goda kunskaper om sjukdomen och behandling för att kunna ge adekvat vård och information. Sjukhusmiljön dessa människor vårdas i bör anpassas så jämngamla individer vårdas ihop. Professioner omkring sjuksköterskan bör användas flitigt såsom präst, kurator och även stödgrupper.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer affects people in all parts of life, the frequency increases among the elderly, but children and young adults are also affected. Young adults are a definition of individuals aged 18-30. This age range is often lined by major changes in the individual’s life. Education, jobs and relationships are factors that develop the identity and this development can be affected by the disease. Broader knowledge of individuals' experiences can facilitate the nurse's work in promoting health and reducing suffering for the individuals.

Purpose: To describe young adults' experiences of living with cancer.

Method: Literature study with descriptive design based on ten qualitative- and two quantitative scientific articles.

Main Results: Participants experienced identity changes in connection with the disease and these changes affected self-image and quality of life. Social relations were affected by the disease, which could be strengthened or impaired. Social support was important, both from healthcare professionals and relatives. Participants dealt with the disease using various coping strategies. In health care, a need for better information and more competent staff was described. The participants wanted several changes in the hospital environment, these included interior design, more activities and to be cared for with individuals of equal age.

Conclusion: Young adults' experiences of cancer indicate that identity problems often arise as a result of the disease. As a nurse, it is important to consider the needs of the patient and the relatives. It is important that nurses who work with these people have good knowledge of the disease and about the treatment to be able to provide adequate care and information. The hospital environment in which these people are cared for should be adapted so that equal-aged individuals are cared for together. Professionals around the nurse should be used extensively, such as priests, counsellors and support groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Health, Experiences, Young adults
Keywords [sv]
Cancer, Hälsa, Erfarenheter, Unga vuxna
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29569DiVA, id: diva2:1316534
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-19 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved

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