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Faktorer som påverkar det interprofessionella teamet på operationssal: En litteraturstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors that affect the interprofessional team in the operating theater : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Varje år drabbas patienter i Sverige av vårdskador på grund av bristfällig patientsäkerhet inom sjukvården. Operationspersonalen arbetar i en högriskmiljö där det ställs stora krav på deras kommunikation inom teamet. Operationssjuksköterskan, tillsammans med det interprofessionella teamet, måste fullfölja sitt ansvar och upprätthålla kompetensen vilket annars kan leda till bristande patientsäkerhet. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att beskriva operationspersonalens uppfattningar om faktorer som är av betydelse för ett välfungerande team. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie med kvalitativ metod och innehållsanalys enligt Bettany-Saltikov & McSherry`s, (2016) niostegs-metod. Artiklar har sökts i databaserna Pubmed och Cinahl med ett strukturerat arbetssätt. Resultat: Litteraturstudiens resultat bygger på analyser av 17 vetenskapliga artiklar. Det framkom två huvudteman med sex subteman som belyste vilka faktorer som var av betydelse för teamet på operationssal. Första huvudtemat är Organisationens ansvar med tre subteman; Utbildning till effektiva interprofessionella team, Förutsättningar till ett tryggt och säkert interprofessionellt team och Kompetens i det interprofessionella teamet. Andra huvudtemat är Samverkan med tre subteman; Interprofessionellt team, Kommunikation i samverkan, Betydelsen av WHO Surgical Safety Checklist. Slutsats: I det interprofessionella teamet ingår flera professioner med ett gemensamt mål, att ge en trygg och säker vård till patienten, för att förhindra vårdskada. Det är ett flertal faktorer som påverkar patientsäkerheten såsom samverkan och kommunikation. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Every year, patients in Sweden suffer from healthcare injuries due to inadequate patient safety in healthcare. The operating staff work in a high-risk environment where great demands are placed on the operating team and their communication. An operating theatre nurse, must together with the interprofessional team, fulfill their responsibilities and maintain their expertise, which could otherwise lead to a lack of patient safety. Purpose: The aim of the study was to describe the operating staff's perceptions of factors that are important for a wellfunctioning team. Method: Systematic literature study with qualitative method and content analysis according to Bettany-Saltikov & McSherry`s, (2016) nine-step method. Articles were found using structures search methods in the databases Pubmed and Cinahl. Results: The results of the literature study are based on analyzes of 17 scientific articles. Two main themes emerged with six sub-themes highlighting which factors that were of importance in the operating room. The first main theme is the Organization's responsibility with three sub-themes; Education for effective interprofessional teams, Prerequisites for a safe and secure interprofessional team and Expertise in the interprofessional team. The second main theme is Collaboration with three sub-themes; Interprofessional team, Communication in collaboration, Importance of WHO Surgical Safety Checklist. Conclusion: The interprofessional team includes several professions with a common goal, to provide a safe and secure care to the patient in order to prevent care damage. There are several factors that affect patient safety such as collaboration and communication. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 53
Keywords [en]
Operating theatre nurse, Interprofessional team, Teamwork, Collaboration, Communication, Patient Safety
Keywords [sv]
Operationssjuksköterska, Interprofessionellt team, Teamarbete, Samverkan, Kommunikation, Patientsäkerhet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82597OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-82597DiVA, id: diva2:1316400
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Theatre Nursing, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-17 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved

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