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Discrimination of Small Forms in a Deviant-Detection Paradigm by 10-month-old Infants
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Avdelningen för utvecklingspsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1326-6177
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Department of Psychology, Health and Professional Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Avdelningen för utvecklingspsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3046-0043
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 1032Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using eye tracking, we investigated if 10-month-old infants could discriminate between members of a set of small forms based on geometric properties in a deviant-detection paradigm, as suggested by the idea of a core cognitive system for Euclidian geometry. We also investigated the precision of infants’ ability to discriminate as well as how the discrimination process unfolds over time. Our results show that infants can discriminate between small forms based on geometrical properties, but only when the difference is sufficiently large. Furthermore, our results also show that it takes infants, on average, <3.5 s to detect a deviant form. Our findings extend previous research in three ways: by showing that infants can make similar discriminative judgments as children and adults with respect to geometric properties; by providing a first crude estimate on the limit of the discriminative abilities in infants, and finally; by providing a first demonstration of how the discrimination process unfolds over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 10, article id 1032
Keywords [en]
geometry, eye-tracking, infants, deviant-detection, small forms
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-383453DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01032ISI: 000467849200001PubMedID: 31156498OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-383453DiVA, id: diva2:1315913
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW 2012.0120Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P15-0430:1Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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