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Mobile phone applications to overcome malnutrition among preschoolers: a systematic review
Urmia Univ Med Sci, Iran.
Urmia Univ Med Sci, Iran.
Urmia Univ Med Sci, Iran.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Business support and Development, Department of Health and Care Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6049-5402
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2019 (English)In: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, ISSN 1472-6947, E-ISSN 1472-6947, Vol. 19, article id 83Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundMalnutrition is one of the most important reasons for child mortality in developing countries, especially during the first 5years of life. We set out to systematically review evaluations of interventions that use mobile phone applications to overcome malnutrition among preschoolers.MethodsThe review was conducted and reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses: the PRISMA statement. To be eligible, the study had to have evaluated mobile phone interventions to increase nutrition knowledge or enhance behavior related to nutrition in order to cope with malnutrition (under nutrition or overweight) in preschoolers. Articles addressing other research topics, older children or adults, review papers, theoretical and conceptual articles, editorials, and letters were excluded. The PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases covering both medical and technical literature were searched for studies addressing preschoolers malnutrition using mobile technology.ResultsSeven articles were identified that fulfilled the review criteria. The studies reported in the main positive signals concerning the acceptance of mobile phone based nutritional interventions addressing preschoolers. Important infrastructural and technical limitations to implement mHealth in low and middle income countries (LMICs) were also communicated, ranging from low network capacity and low access to mobile phones to specific technical barriers. Only one study was identified evaluating primary anthropometric outcomes.ConclusionsThe review findings indicated a need for more controlled evaluations using anthropometric primary endpoints and put relevance to the suggestion that cooperation between government organizations, academia, and industry is necessary to provide sufficient infrastructure support for mHealth use against malnutrition in LMICs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC , 2019. Vol. 19, article id 83
Keywords [en]
Mobile phone; Malnutrition; Intervention; Preschoolers
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156556DOI: 10.1186/s12911-019-0803-2ISI: 000463751800001PubMedID: 30953497OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156556DiVA, id: diva2:1315880
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-10-25

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