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Post-WWI military disarmament and interwar fascism in Sweden
Stockholm Univ, Dept Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
Stockholm Univ, Dept Polit Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Historical Methods, ISSN 0161-5440, E-ISSN 1940-1906, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 37-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The emergence of anti-democratic movements is a central puzzle to social science. We study a novel and rich historical dataset covering Swedish municipalities during the interwar years and find a strong link between the presence of a military garrison and the emergence of fascist parties. We interpret these results as suggesting that fascist mobilization in Sweden was driven by discontent with the process of disarmament brought about by democratization. In contrast, poor economic conditions, as captured both by levels of and changes in the local poverty rate and tax base, do not explain the strong link between the fascists and military garrisons. We relate these results to influential theories of democratization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019. Vol. 52, no 1, p. 37-56
Keywords [en]
Democracy, Interwar fascism, Disarmament, Historical Data
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-383039DOI: 10.1080/01615440.2018.1554462ISI: 000464328400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-383039DiVA, id: diva2:1314274
Available from: 2019-05-08 Created: 2019-05-08 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
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