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Hur personer med Hiv upplever hälsa i vardagslivet
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
The essay/thesis is partially on sustainable development according to the University's criteria
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning 

Bakgrund: Hiv anses vara ett av världens största folkhälsoproblem, år 2017 uppgav

Världshälsoorganisationen att ungefär 37 miljoner människor världen över lever med Hiv. I

Sverige lever cirka 6500 människor med Hiv och varje år rapporteras mellan 400–500 nya fall

av Hiv i Sverige. Trots god kunskap om Hiv framkommer fortfarande fördomar, rädsla och en

negativ attityd mot personer med Hiv inom vården. Förståelsen för en individs vardagsliv är

en viktig grund för sjuksköterskans arbete eftersom förståelsen styr de åtgärder

sjuksköterskan kan sätta in för att underlätta upplevelsen av hälsa i vardagslivet. En bättre

förståelse för en individs vardag kan även förbättra vårdrelationen mellan sjuksköterskan och

patienten samt kan öka förutsättningen för personens delaktighet i sin egen vård.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur personer med Hiv upplever hälsa i vardagslivet.

Metod: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design baserad på 12 kvalitativa artiklar.

Huvudresultat: Resultatet visar att personer med Hiv upplever svårigheter rörande

medicinering, stigmatisering och diskriminering som hinder till hälsa i vardagslivet medan

socialt stöd från familj, vänner, tro och vårdpersonal kan underlätta upplevelsen av hälsa i

vardagslivet.

Slutsats: Personer med Hiv upplever svårigheter rörande medicinering, stigmatisering och

diskriminering som hinder till hälsa i vardagslivet medan socialt stöd från familj, vänner, tro

och vårdpersonal kan underlätta upplevelsen av hälsa i vardagslivet. Det är av vikt att förstå

hur individen upplever sitt vardagsliv och vad som påverkar upplevelsen av vardagslivet,

detta då vardagslivet måste fungera för att en individ ska känna hälsa.

Nyckelord: Hiv, Hälsa, Upplevelser, Vardagsliv.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: HIV is one of the world's largest public health problems, in 2017 the

World Health Organization stated that about 37 million people worldwide are living

with HIV. In Sweden, approximately 6,500 people are living with HIV and every year

between 400-500 new cases of HIV are reported in Sweden. Despite good knowledge of

HIV does prejudices, fears and a negative attitude towards people with HIV still exists

within the healthcare sector. The understanding of an individual's everyday life is an

important basis for the nurse's work because the understanding controls the actions the

nurse can insert to ease the experience of health in everyday life. A better understanding

of an individual's everyday life can also improve the relationship between the nurse and

the patient and can facilitate the person's participation in their own care.

Purpose: Describe how people with HIV experience health in their everyday life.

Method: A literature review with descriptive design based on 12 qualitative articles.

Findings: The result indicate that people with HIV experience difficulties regarding

medication, stigmatization and discrimination as obstacles to health in their everyday

life. While social support from family, friends, faith and healthcare staff can facilitate

the experience of health in everyday life.

Conclusion: People with HIV experience difficulties regarding medication,

stigmatization and discrimination as obstacles to health in everyday life while social

support from family, friends, faith and healthcare staff can facilitate the experience of

health in everyday life. It is important to understand how the individual experiences his

everyday life and what influences the experience of everyday life, this because an

individual’s everyday life has to work in order for them to experience health.

Keyword: Everyday life, Experience, Health, HIV.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 44
Keywords [sv]
Hiv, Hälsa, Upplevelser, Vardagsliv
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29533OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29533DiVA, id: diva2:1313426
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2019-05-06Bibliographically approved

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