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Piezoelectric behaviour of woven constructions based on poly(vinylidene fluoride) bicomponent fibres
University of Borås, Swedish School of Textiles.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
Abstract [en]

During this project it was investigated how the newly developed piezoelectric PVDF bicomponent fibre behaved when integrated in different weave constructions. The possibility to integrate conductive yarns as outer electrode was studied in order to see if it was possible to create a fully textile piezoelectric sensors. The piezoelectric properties of the bicomponent fibre is given by the sheath material, which is a polymeric material known as poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF). Today only piezoelectric film made by PVDF is commercially available, but with a flexible PVDF bicomponent fibre it improves the possibility to integrate piezoelectric material into a textile construction. In this study the PVDF bicomponent fibre was integrated in the warp direction into weave constructions, such as plain weave, twill and weft rib. All the woven bands included 60 PVDF bicomponent yarns, with 24 filaments in each bundle and the average width of the bands produced was 30 mm. Different conductive materials and fibres, acting as outer electrode, were coated or integrated together with the PVDF fibre and the behaviour of the PVDF fibres was analysed. All the woven samples went through corona poling with a voltage of 7 kV in 70 ⁰C for 3 min. The weave construction that gave highest piezoelectric output signal was twill with weft that has low tex. The twill construction gave a range amplitude of 1.5- 3.3 V when subjected to a dynamic strain of about 0.25% at 4 Hz. It was shown that different conductive materials influenced the PVDF fibre in different ways, due to the resistance of the material. It was also shown that it was possible to integrate piezoelectric bicomponent fibre into a textile construction and that a fully textile piezoelectric sensor could be produced by using conductive yarns as outer electrode.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Borås/Swedish School of Textiles , 2013.
Series
Masteruppsats ; 2013.14.1
Keywords [en]
Piezoelectricity, poly(vinylidene, fluoride), (PVDF),, bicomponent fibre, conductive fibres, textile sensor, tensile sensor, weaving
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-17386Local ID: 2320/12819OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-17386DiVA, id: diva2:1309294
Note
Program: Masterutbildning i textilteknik,Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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