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Fortress conservation, wildlife legislation and the Baka Pygmies of southeast Cameroon
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. (Centre for Concurrences in Colonial and Postcolonial Studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4505-1683
2019 (English)In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 84, no 4, p. 1035-1055Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The indigenous Baka Pygmies of southeast Cameroon depend mainly on environmental incomes for their livelihoods, usually hunting and gathering and the sustainable use of their ecological systems. They are at the verge of profound political, socioeconomic, and environmental transformations orchestrated by modern state laws regulating hunting and international development actors and agencies whose development vision expressed through conservation often underlie a contradiction with their way of life. This ethnographic study aims to document the dynamics of the institution of the great hunting expedition among the Baka. An interplay between the overexploitation of forestry resources, the creation of protected areas (fortress conservation), the full protection of certain classes of large mammals, the use of specific tools forbidden by existing forestry legislation and the ruthless behaviour of ‘eco-guards’ have led to changes in the organization of the great hunting expedition. To better address the socio-cultural aspects of biodiversity conservation and consequently strengthen the legislation regulating the wildlife sector in the country, conservation stakeholders must be conscious of the multiple entanglements between human and other life forms and the ecology of hunting. This suggests the need for a rights-based approach to conservation that recognizes the entanglement of ‘multispecies assemblages’ and respects indigenous land rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019. Vol. 84, no 4, p. 1035-1055
Keywords [en]
Indigenous conservation, Sustainable development, Forestry regulation, Ecology of hunting, Multispecies assemblages, Pygmies, Indigenous land rights, Cameroon, Socioeconomic livelihood
National Category
Economic Geography
Research subject
Humanities, Cultural Sociology; Economy, Cultural Economy; Natural Science, Ecology; Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies; Environmental Science, Natural Resources Management; Social Sciences, Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82363DOI: 10.1007/s10708-018-9906-zISI: 000476495300014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85050672074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-82363DiVA, id: diva2:1307955
Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Pemunta, Ngambouk Vitalis
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