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Att lära känna sin sexualitet efter behandling av gynekologisk cancer: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Getting to know your sexuality after treatment of gynecological cancer : A Literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: År 2017 drabbades 2850 kvinnor av gynekologisk cancer. Det finns flertalet behandlingsstrategier där den vanligaste är kirurgi. Efter behandlingen kan många kvinnor befinna sig i ett lidande där den sexuella hälsan påverkas.

Syfte: Att undersöka kvinnans upplevelse av sexuell hälsa efter behandling av gynekologisk cancer.

Metod: Studien har genomförts som en litteraturöversikt baserad på kvalitativa artiklar där materialet grundades på kvinnors upplevelse av sexuell hälsa efter behandling av gynekologisk cancer. Artiklarna hittades på databaserna CINAHL och MEDLINE.

Resultat: Resultatet visar på olikheter gällande kvinnors upplevelser av den sexuella hälsan efter behandling av gynekologisk cancer. De vanligaste förekommande förändringarna till följd av behandlingen var torra slemhinnor och förminskad vagina som ledde till smärta vid samlag och bidrog till minskad sexlust. Självkänslan påverkades hos många kvinnor och konsekvenserna av behandlingen inverkade på deras relationer. Deltagarna upplevde otillräcklig information om behandlingens effekter på den sexuella hälsan från vården.

Konklusion: Behandlingen resulterade i förändringar på den sexuella hälsan som drabbade kvinnan både psykiskt och fysiskt. Många kvinnor önskade mer information och ett större stöd från sjukvården under sjukdomsförloppet. Sjuksköterskan har ett ansvar att bryta tystnaden och möta patientens känslor kring den förändrade sexualiteten. En ökad kunskap krävs för att förebygga ohälsa hos dessa patienter.

Abstract [en]

Background: 2850 women suffered from gynecological cancer year 2017. There are several treatment options and the most common one is surgery. After treatment many women suffer from issues regarding their sexual health.

Aim: To explore women’s experiences of sexual health after treatment of gynecological cancer.

Method: The study was made as a literature review based on qualitative articles where the women expressed their experience of sexual health after treatment of gynecological cancer. The articles were found on the two databases CINAHL and MEDLINE.

Result: The result shows that the women had different experiences of how gynecological cancer and the treatment affected their sexual health. The most common effects of the treatment was dry mucous membrane and shortened vagina that made intercourse painful which decreased their libido. For many of the women their self esteem was affected and the majority expressed that the consequences of the treatment had an impact on their relationship. The women of the study experienced a lack of information about the treatments effects on their sexual health from health care providers.

Conclusion: The treatment resulted in a change in the womens’ sexual health that affected them both physically and mentally. The women would have appreciated more information and a greater support from healthcare providers during the time of the disease. Nurses have a responsibility to break the silence and meet the patients’ needs when it comes to the change in sexuality. More knowledge is necessary to prevent illness when it comes to these patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
experience, gynecological cancer, patients’, sexual health, treatment
Keywords [sv]
behandling, gynekologisk cancer, patienter, sexuell hälsa, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16834DiVA, id: diva2:1306804
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-14 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-05-14Bibliographically approved

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