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Imepitoin - framtidens förstahandsval vid epilepsi hos hund?
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Imepitoin - the new first-line drug when treating dogs with epilepsy? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige förekommer epilepsi hos 1-2 % av alla hundar. De första anfallen visar sig oftast när hunden är mellan ett och sex år gammal. Det nuvarande förstahands­preparatet är fenobarbital, en substans som ökar tröskeln för elektrisk stimulering av motorcortex samt minskar monosynaptisk transmission som leder till minskad neuronal retbarhet. I februari 2013 registrerades ett nytt antiepileptikum med det verksamma äm­net imepitoin. Imepitoin är en partiell agonist som binder till bensodiazepinsätet på GABAA-receptorn. Det förstärker de GABAA-receptormedierade effekterna på neuro­nen samt har en svag kalciumblockerande verkan.

Syfte: Arbetets syfte var att undersöka om imepitoin har förutsättningar att bli det nya förstahandspreparatet vid behandling av idiopatisk epilepsi. Vidare var syftet att under­söka i vilken utsträckning imepitoin fungerar som antiepileptikum samt vilken biverk­ningsprofil det har.

Resultat: Behandling med imepitoin gav en sänkning av antalet epileptiska anfall per månad (MSF), liknande den som erhölls vid fenobarbitalbehandling. Imepitoin sänkte MSF både som monoterapi och i kombination med fenobarbital eller kaliumbromid. Biverkningsprofilen var överlag skonsammare för imepitoin jämfört med fenobarbital. Fenobarbital visade en leverpåverkan medan imepitoin påverkade kolesterolvärdet.

Slutsats: Imepitoin har en antiepileptisk effekt, liknande den som fås vid behandling med fenobarbital. Behandling med imepitoin kan ske både som mono- samt kombina­tionsterapi. Den mildare biverkningsprofilen talar för användning av imepitoin. Samti­digt har fenobarbital använts under en längre tid så biverkningar vid långtids­användning är mer välkända än de vid imepitoinanvändning.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, approximately 1-2 % of all dogs suffer from epilepsy. The first seizures often occur when the dog is between one and six years old. In Sweden the first-line drug is phenobarbital, a substance which increases the threshold of electrical stimulation in the motor cortex. It also decreases synaptic transmission which leads to decreased neuronal excitability. In February 2013 a new antiepileptic drug was regis­tered with imepitoin as active substance. Imepitoin is a partial agonist which binds to the benzodiazepine binding site at the GABAA receptor and amplifies the effects medi­ated by GABAA receptors at the neurons. Additionally, imepitoin has a weak calcium channel blocking effect.

Objective: The main aim of the study was to examine if imepitoin should be the first-line drug instead of phenobarbital when treating dogs diagnosed with idiopathic epi­lepsy. A further aim was to look into which effect imepitoin had in controlling the epilepsy and which adverse effects were experienced when dogs are treated with imepitoin.

Results: Treatment with imepitoin resulted in a decrease in monthly seizure frequency (MSF), similar to the decrease seen upon treatment with phenobarbital. Imepitoin was decreasing MSF both when used as monotherapy and in combination with phenobarbital or potassium bromide. The adverse effects were in general less severe with imepitoin than with phenobarbital. Treatment with phenobarbital affected the liver while treatment with imepitoin affected the cholesterol levels.

Conclusion: Imepitoin has a good antiepileptic effect, similar to that of phenobarbital. Treatment with imepitoin can be used both as monotherapy and in combination with other antiepileptic drugs. Less severe adverse effects makes imepitoin a possible choice for treating idiopathic epilepsy in dogs. On the other hand, phenobarbital has been used during a long period of time and adverse effects of long term use are therefore better known than for imepitoin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Imepitoin, phenobarbital, epilepsy, antiepileptic drugs
Keywords [sv]
Imepitoin, fenobarbital, epilepsi, antiepileptika
National Category
Social and Clinical Pharmacy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-82061DiVA, id: diva2:1306788
Educational program
Bachelor of Science Programme in Pharmacy, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-25 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved

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