Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
BIM in Translation: Exploring Client Organisations as Drivers for Change in Construction
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

New technology is constantly being developed, presenting new opportunities and enabling innovative solutions to both known and unknown problems. Most industries place a large amount of trust in the opportunities offered by digitalisation. Information technology is being developed to enable new work practices and thereby drive change. However, the use of technology often drifts away from the developer’s intentions when it is introduced into an organisational setting. The management of such technology implementations is thus complex, both in terms of the technology itself and the organisational context in which it is implemented.

In the architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) industry, the technology ‘Building Information Modelling’ (BIM) is currently being introduced. This industry is often described as fragmented, having low productivity and being reluctant to innovate. BIM is presented as new paradigm for this industry, as it is able to drive change towards inter-organisational collaboration, increase overall quality, and simultaneously lower costs. The industry has, however, been tentative towards BIM and widespread implementation has not yet taken place. To influence the industry towards adopting this new technology, public client organisations have been argued to play a vital role as innovation champions, demanding BIM-use through procurement. Still, there is a lack of studies exploring such implementation initiatives from the client perspective.

In this thesis, the case of BIM implementation at the largest infrastructure client in Sweden is presented. This case shows how the client has undertaken an implementation process to both benefit its own organisation and increase productivity and innovation within the whole infrastructure branch of the AEC industry. With the purpose of problematising and contributing with reflective perspectives on the role of client organisations as drivers for industry change by implementation of information technology, the BIM implementation at this organisation is viewed as an empirical example of how information technology is introduced to influence an inter-organisational network of actors and establish change. 

The case is analysed from the perspective of an analytical framework, taking inspiration from actor-network theory and sociology of translation. Thus, the implementation is viewed as a process of translation, where key actors are identified and enrolled into using BIM. Viewing BIM implementation as a translation reveals a complex network of actors linked to the implementation in question. The implementation is developed as a sequential translation, where project managers are intended to act as delegates, demanding and promoting BIM in their projects.

This thesis problematises the role of client organisations in initiating change through the implementation of technology. Enrolling actors into using BIM has, in the studied case, primarily been done by the development of new demand documents. This strategy has, however, been problematic as the demands have not been accepted as intended. Instead, the results of this thesis argue for the importance of client organisations as negotiators, and that they are not only needed to establish demand for new technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. , p. iii-viii, 83
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 1913
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249977ISBN: 978-91-7873-197-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-249977DiVA, id: diva2:1306692
Public defence
2019-06-05, F3, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20190425

Available from: 2019-04-25 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Translating building information modelling: A study of the BIM implementation process at a large Swedish client organisation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Translating building information modelling: A study of the BIM implementation process at a large Swedish client organisation
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual ARCOM Conference, ARCOM 2016, Association of Researchers in Construction Management , 2016, p. 123-132Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is currently widely discussed within both the construction industry and the academia. There is a view that it is a new paradigm presenting possibilities to address the slow increase in productivity currently perceived in the construction industry. Around the world many governments and public client organisations are developing their implementation processes for BIM. In this paper the largest infrastructure client in Sweden is studied. Based on a Case study, the BIM implementation process at this actor is described. These results serve as an empirical example of how BIM is being implemented in order to improve both productivity and innovation in the construction industry. These results have been analysed inspired by theory of 'sociology of translation'. This study concludes that the main tool used to enrol actors into BIM use is demanding model based delivery of project information. However, less emphasis is put on how these models will influence work practices for both the client's project organisation and contractors and consultants in the projects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 2016
Keywords
BIM, Building Information Modelling, Implementation, Sociology of translation, Construction industry, Information theory, Management science, Productivity, Project management, Social sciences, Implementation process, Model-based OPC, Project informations, Project organisations, Public clients, Work practices, Architectural design
National Category
Economics and Business Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-201977 (URN)2-s2.0-84991694120 (Scopus ID)
Conference
32nd Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2016, 5 September 2016 through 7 September 2016
Note

QC 20170303

Available from: 2017-03-03 Created: 2017-03-03 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved
2. Public Clients as Drivers for Change: Exploring BIM implementation, Systems Integrators and Relative Boundedness
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public Clients as Drivers for Change: Exploring BIM implementation, Systems Integrators and Relative Boundedness
(English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433XArticle in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Public client organizations are suggested as drivers for change and innovation towards a more sustainable, efficient and productive construction industry. It is argued that clients have power and are in a position to act as ‘innovation supporters’ or ‘change agents’. However, clients’ role and ability in driving change is underexplored and in need further investigation. The purpose here is to further explore public clients’ ability in driving construction industry change. We do this by investigating a change initiative – the implementation of BIM – at a large public infrastructure client. Receptiveness for change is used as framework and the analysis is based on combining literature on systemic innovation and the role of systems integrators together with the phenomena of relative boundedness.Findings show that client driven change by systemic innovation is challenging because of relative boundedness and that client driven change in relatively unbounded contexts requires a two-stage process. By combining the concept of systems integrators with the concept of relative boundedness we contribute to the understanding of challenges with client driven change in construction. Findings are relevant for research on the project managers’ role as systems integrators in BIM implementation, for public project governance and, in particular, for procurement.

Keywords
Industry change, innovation, client, project manager, receptive context, relative boundedness, BIM, procurement
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249973 (URN)
Note

QC 20190425

Available from: 2019-04-24 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved
3. Black Boxing BIM: The public client’s strategy in BIM implementation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Black Boxing BIM: The public client’s strategy in BIM implementation
2019 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Building information modelling (BIM) is widely discussed in both industry and academia and studies have argued that public clients play an important role in industry’s implementation of BIM. While public client initiatives have gained much interest in previous research, there is still a lack of knowledge exploring the public clients’ role and choice of strategies when implementing BIM with the aim to change industry. Based on a case study of BIM implementation at the largest infrastructure client in Sweden, this paper applies the theory sociology of translation to explore the role of the public client as a driver for industry change and the strategy used during this process. The case study shows how the public client tries to influence its own organization and the construction industry as a whole. Findings show that the main strategy for enrolling actors to implement BIM is to demand its use in the procurement of all construction projects, thereby attempting to establish the BIM issue as a Black Box. A Black Box, a locked network element, which includes associated inscriptions aimed at prescribing BIM use in projects conducted by this client. The acceptance of this Black Box has however been problematic, resulting in a diverse influence on the demand for BIM in procured construction projects.

Keywords
Building information modelling, BIM, sociology of translation, implementation, actor-network theory
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249963 (URN)
Note

QC 20190425

Available from: 2019-04-24 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved
4. Project managers as involuntary policy implementers?: The case of implementing BIM
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Project managers as involuntary policy implementers?: The case of implementing BIM
2018 (English)In: Proceeding of the 34th Annual ARCOM Conference, ARCOM 2018, Association of Researchers in Construction Management , 2018, p. 465-474Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Public procurement has the potential to drive change in the construction industry. In this process project managers play an important as change agents and system integrators. This paper explores how public client's project managers translate BIM through procurement. The purpose is to develop better understanding of the public project manager's role as change agents and system integrators in the implementation of systemic innovation such as BIM. Findings are based on a case study of the BIM implementation initiative at the largest public infrastructure client in Sweden and interviews with construction project managers tasked with implementing BIM in their projects. The analysis is based on the theoretical perspective of sociology of translation. Findings show how project managers struggle with translating BIM when procuring and that there is a hesitation among project managers in accepting BIM policies. Project managers do not prioritise BIM and do not request BIM when procuring. In order words, they are not enrolled in the change process. Findings are important for research on project managers in their role as change agents, and on research systemic innovation such as BIM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 2018
Keywords
BIM, Innovation, Procurement, Project manager, Translation, Architectural design, Construction industry, Managers, Translation (languages), Construction project managers, Process projects, Project managers, Public infrastructures, Public procurement, System integrators, Systemic innovation, Project management
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-247241 (URN)2-s2.0-85055656419 (Scopus ID)
Conference
34th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2018, 3 September 2018 through 5 September 2018
Note

QC 20190402

Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved
5. Client’s Procurement Policies for Promoting BIM Implementation and Innovation in Construction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Client’s Procurement Policies for Promoting BIM Implementation and Innovation in Construction
(English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The construction industry is often described as a fragmented, loosely coupled industry, slow to innovate and lacking in productivity. In order to address these issues, client organizations are commonly acknowledged as key actors for change. However, what this role constitutes of is less clear, for example, questions arise such as: should innovation be mainly supplier-led or client-led? The aim in this paper is to explore different strategies clients can adapt in the promotion of innovation in the construction industry. To achieve the purpose, a case study has been conducted of the largest infrastructure client in Sweden; exploring two strategies which is simultaneously deployed to stimulate innovation. The studied organization is on one hand trying to influence the industry to implement Building Information Modelling (BIM), adopting a BIM policy and actively influencing the supply chain, while on the other hand stimulate innovation through providing more flexibility in projects, enabling suppliers to propose new solutions and emphasising market competition. Although the strategies essentially deal with different types of innovation, either a known or unknown innovation; the research finds that simultaneous use of these strategies creates intra-organizational tensions within the client organization. The findings provide insights in different strategies clients can use in order to stimulate innovation and contribute to understanding of client organization’s role in stimulating innovation in the construction industry.

Keywords
Client, Innovation, Building Information Modelling, Policy, Implementation, Procurement
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249975 (URN)
Note

QC 20190425

Available from: 2019-04-24 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1158 kB)105 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1158 kBChecksum SHA-512
d7c11f2eb4918a9387982a1990f4890ab0612473a8ca3c5eab4ea2fb9d738aac4af86f328fabdda42c8463df9a4d00b268d15b78d26bf04fb703fd6ca2b169de
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lindblad, Hannes
By organisation
Project Communication
Construction Management

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 105 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 388 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf