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Communication in families with minor children following the loss of a parent to cancer
Ersta Skondal Bracke Univ Coll, Dept Caring Sci, Palliat Res Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
Ersta Skondal Bracke Univ Coll, Dept Caring Sci, Palliat Res Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden;Dalen Hosp, Capio Palliat Care, Stockholm, Sweden.
Ersta Skondal Bracke Univ Coll, Dept Caring Sci, Palliat Res Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Women & Childs Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital. Ersta Skondal Bracke Univ Coll, Dept Caring Sci, Palliat Res Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5523-8126
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 39, p. 41-46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose:

Family communication is a known protective factor for minor children's psychological health following the death of a parent, but there is little research describing communication within such families specifically from the perspective of the children. The purpose of this study was therefore to explore communication in parentally bereaved families from the perspective of the children and surviving parent.

Methods:

Interviews with four parents and four children from four families were analyzed using inductive content analysis. Interviews took place in the family's home or at the research center based on the family's wishes 4-14 months after a parent had died. Interviews had an open approach and were based on an interview guide. Each interview was between 60 and 120 min long.

Results:

Four categories emerged which were related to family members' experiences of family communication while adjusting to their new circumstances as bereaved: the importance of open and honest communication in the family; new challenges in the family which affect communication; communicating the need for help; and talking about and remembering the deceased parent.

Conclusions:

This study illuminates the connection between family communication and adjustments to new circumstances following the death of a parent. The results suggest that the relationship between family adjustment and communication may be circular whereby the family's ability to adjust to their new circumstances is affected by how the family communicates. Similarly, family communication may be affected by the family's coping strategies and ability to adjust to their new circumstances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 39, p. 41-46
Keywords [en]
Family communication, Parental death, Bereavement
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-382259DOI: 10.1016/j.ejon.2019.01.005ISI: 000462419500006PubMedID: 30850137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-382259DiVA, id: diva2:1306419
Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved

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