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Personers upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Fröken.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hjärtsvikt är en progressiv sjukdom och cirka 2% av den svenska befolkningen har diagnostiserats med hjärtsvikt. Hjärtsvikt innebär antingen att hjärtats tömningsförmåga är nedsatt, systolisk dysfunktion, eller att hjärtats kammare inte fylls på som de ska, diastolisk dysfunktion. Egenvård i form av kost och vätskerestriktion, eventuell viktnedgång och minskat alkoholintag är av stor betydelse för sjukdomens utveckling. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka personers upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt.  Metod: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie baserad på tio artiklar, varav en artikel med kvantitativ ansats, åtta artiklar med kvalitativ ansats samt en artikel av mixad metod. Huvudresultatet: Det framkom att personer med hjärtsvikt upplevde depression, oro och rädsla över att ha drabbats av en obotlig sjukdom. Att utföra aktiviteter och arbete var mer påfrestande än tidigare innan sjukdomen eftersom de inte längre hade samma fysiska möjlighet. Personerna med hjärtsvikt tog hjälp av egenvård och olika hanteringsstrategier för att förbättra hälsotillståndet och undvika försämring både vad de gällde fysiska och psykiska aspekter. Slutsats: Personerna med hjärtsvikt upplevde försämrad psykisk hälsa och fysisk förmåga, vilket gav upphov till en känsla av isolation och ensamhet. Egenvård ansågs vara viktigt för att undvika försämring av sjukdomen.

En ökad förståelse av personers upplevelser av hjärtsvikt bland sjuksköterskor kan förbättra stödet för personer med hjärtsvikt i deras egenvård och kan således ge en förbättrad livskvalité för den specifika patientgruppen

Abstract [en]

Background: Heart failure is a progressive disease, and in Sweden around 2% of the population have been medically diagnosed with heart failure. The condition weakens the heart, and its capacity to function normally, making it unable to supply the cells with enough oxygen-rich blood. There are different types of heart failure, where the two most common is diastolic heart failure, which hinder the heart’s ability to fill up with blood properly, and systolic heart failure, which refers to the heart's inability to pump after filling with blood. While there is usually no cure for heart failure, many lifestyle changes like regular exercise, maintaining a healthy body weight, and giving up smoking can slow down its progression. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate different people’s perspective of living with CHF. Main Results: The study indicated that people with heart failure experienced depression, anxiety and worry after being diagnosed with an incurable condition. It also showed that daily activities and work became more strenuous for sufferers after developing the condition because they no longer had the same physical capacity. Many diagnosed with heart failure utilized different coping strategies to improve their general health in order to avoid physical or mental deterioration. Method:  A descriptive literature review of ten articles, one article with a quantitative approach, eight with a qualitative approach and one with a mixed method approach.  Conclusion: Those diagnosed with heart failure experienced a decline in both their mental health and physical capacity, which left them feeling isolated and lonely. Self-care was highlighted as an important aspect to avoid the condition getting worse. An improved understanding of patients experiences with heart failure among nurses can lead to improved care and quality of life for the specific patient groupBackground: Heart failure is a progressive disease, and in Sweden around 2% of the population have been medically diagnosed with heart failure. The condition weakens the heart, and its capacity to function normally, making it unable to supply the cells with enough oxygen-rich blood. There are different types of heart failure, where the two most common is diastolic heart failure, which hinder the heart’s ability to fill up with blood properly, and systolic heart failure, which refers to the heart's inability to pump after filling with blood. While there is usually no cure for heart failure, many lifestyle changes like regular exercise, maintaining a healthy body weight, and giving up smoking can slow down its progression. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate different people’s perspective of living with CHF. Main Results: The study indicated that people with heart failure experienced depression, anxiety and worry after being diagnosed with an incurable condition. It also showed that daily activities and work became more strenuous for sufferers after developing the condition because they no longer had the same physical capacity. Many diagnosed with heart failure utilized different coping strategies to improve their general health in order to avoid physical or mental deterioration. Method:  A descriptive literature review of ten articles, one article with a quantitative approach, eight with a qualitative approach and one with a mixed method approach.  Conclusion: Those diagnosed with heart failure experienced a decline in both their mental health and physical capacity, which left them feeling isolated and lonely. Self-care was highlighted as an important aspect to avoid the condition getting worse. An improved understanding of patients experiences with heart failure among nurses can lead to improved care and quality of life for the specific patient group

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Emotions, Experiences, Heart failure, Self-care.
Keywords [sv]
Egenvård, Hjärtsvikt, Känslor, Upplevelser
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29477OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29477DiVA, id: diva2:1305999
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-25 Created: 2019-04-22 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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