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Urban Heritage as a Generator of Landscapes: Building New Geographies from Post-Urban Decline in Detroit
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. (Urban Form and Human Behaviour)
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2386-0663
Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg.
2018 (English)In: Urban Science, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 1-16, article id 92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

At this historical moment, the urban planning and design professions are confronted with the twin challenges of unprecedented rapid urbanization on the one hand, and declining post-industrial regions on the other. In this environment, there are many different and often conflicting ideas about urban heritage and its relevance for contemporary urban planning and design. In this paper, we look for commonalities and a way forward from among a range of competing urban design models. We examine the illustrative case study of the geography and landscape of Detroit, USA. We consider seven contemporary urban planning and design ideals that dominate the contemporary planning and design discourse and their different views of the past and urban heritage in relation to the approaches in Detroit. From these, we draw a synthesis approach, making several recommendations and observations with a focus on the capacities of so-called “placemaking” approaches. In this paper, urban heritage is understood and examined as contributing a pattern of infrastructure that provides a helpful supportive framework, and (importantly) a set of structural limitations (e.g., historic plot boundaries), that can serve as a generative resource for new urban planning and design. We conclude that the necessary framework for democratic participation and opportunity within urban space can be provided most directly by leveraging the assets of urban heritage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018. Vol. 2, no 3, p. 1-16, article id 92
Keywords [en]
urban heritage; urban design; urban decline; placemaking; Detroit
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249730DOI: 10.3390/urbansci2030092OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-249730DiVA, id: diva2:1305898
Note

QC 20190423

Available from: 2019-04-19 Created: 2019-04-19 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. City Re-Making Approaches in Contemporary Urbanism: “Re-Urbanism” as a Strategy for the Revitalization of Detroit and Declining Cities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>City Re-Making Approaches in Contemporary Urbanism: “Re-Urbanism” as a Strategy for the Revitalization of Detroit and Declining Cities
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many cities today are experiencing extreme widespread urban decline, at a time when urban growth and revitalization are prioritized on the agenda. This dissertation examines a number of prominent urban revitalization strategies for declining cities, specifically highlighting the emblematic case of Detroit as a research subject. That city offers many lessons as the epitome of both urban decline and urban revitalization, as evidenced through the media narratives surrounding the “rebirth of Detroit” and its positive improvements over recent years. Through this and other case studies, the dissertation investigates different approaches in the leading contemporary paradigms of urbanism, including the role of place-based and heritage-based strategies for the declining city, and their different structural approaches. These include differences sought in both city structure, and in the collaborative structure of revitalizing institutions. From there, the dissertation draws key lessons together into a synthesis approach called “Re-Urbanism” – an advancement of a model originally developed by Robert Fishman. The model describes strategic partnerships between local government entities, private business leaders, private charitable foundations, small scale grass roots activism, and local entrepreneurship, all aimed at making place-based, heritage-based structural reconnections within the city itself. The dissertation concludes with specific policy and practice recommendations, as well as ideas for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. p. 96
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 1913
Keywords
Re-Urbanism, urban decline, urban revitalization, Placemaking, Detroit, urbanism, public space, Landscape Urbanism
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249732 (URN)978-91-7873-185-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-10, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8 SE-100 44, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20190423

Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-19 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved

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