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Sustainability Transitions in Baltic Sea Shipping: Exploring the Responses of Firms to Regulatory Changes
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
Centre for Maritime Studies, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 7, article id 1916Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates how the introduction of more stringent environmental regulation regarding sulphur and nitrogen emission control areas induced shipping companies to react to a new situation and opened up a window of opportunity for build-up of niches for alternative vessel energy sources. By drawing on a multi-level perspective from the socio-technical transition literature, the study provides empirical evidence for how realignments in the environmental regulatory regime alter incumbent actors’ positions and produce varying environmental innovation responses to reduce air-borne pollution from shipping. The study illustrates that the stringency of a regional command-and-control regulation in combination with evolving pressures in the external landscape environment and shipping companies’ task environments are essential components shaping the adoption of environmental innovations. Although incremental innovations seem to dominate in a fossil fuel-based maritime transportation socio-technical system, our results demonstrate the role of regulations and the behaviour of frontrunners in the context of regime fragmentation and sustainability transition processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 11, no 7, article id 1916
Keywords [en]
sustainability transitions; environmental innovations; multi-level perspective; Baltic Sea shipping; incumbent companies; sulphur and nitrogen emission regulation
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38007DOI: 10.3390/su11071916ISI: 000466551600093Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064084926Local ID: 118/1.6.1/2016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38007DiVA, id: diva2:1305118
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 118/1.6.1/2016Available from: 2019-04-15 Created: 2019-04-15 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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