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Maternal smoking early in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of short stature and obesity in adult daughters
Univ Auckland, Liggins Inst, Auckland, New Zealand.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Perinatal, Neonatal and Pediatric Cardiology Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Perinatal, Neonatal and Pediatric Cardiology Research.
Univ Auckland, Liggins Inst, Auckland, New Zealand;Univ Auckland, Better Start Natl Sci Challenge, Auckland, New Zealand.
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2019 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 4290Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We assessed anthropometry in 22,421 adult daughters in association with their mothers' tobacco smoking early in pregnancy (at their first antenatal visit) in Sweden, particularly their risk of short stature and obesity. Adult daughters were grouped by maternal smoking levels during pregnancy: Nonsmokers (58.5%), Light smokers (24.1%; smoked 1-9 cigarettes/day), and Heavier smokers (17.4%; smoked >= 10 cigarettes/day). Anthropometry was recorded on the adult daughters at approximately 26.0 years of age. Obesity was defined as BMI >= 30 kg/m(2), and short stature as height more than two standard deviations below the population mean. Daughters whose mothers were Light and Heavier smokers in early pregnancy were 0.8 cm and 1.0cm shorter, 2.3 kg and 2.6 kg heavier, and had BMI 0.84 kg/m(2) and 1.15 kg/m(2) greater, respectively, than daughters of Non-smokers. The adjusted relative risk of short stature was 55% higher in women born to smokers, irrespectively of smoking levels. Maternal smoking had a dose-dependent association with obesity risk, with offspring of Heavier smokers 61% and of Light smokers 37% more likely to be obese than the daughters of Non-smokers. In conclusion, maternal smoking in pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of short stature and obesity in their adult daughters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 9, article id 4290
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-380451DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39006-7ISI: 000460924100030PubMedID: 30862963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-380451DiVA, id: diva2:1300128
Available from: 2019-03-28 Created: 2019-03-28 Last updated: 2019-03-28Bibliographically approved

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Ahlsson, FredrikLundgren, MariaDerraik, Jose G. B.
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