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Lying and Misleading in Discourse
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7467-7263
2016 (English)In: Philosophical Review, Vol. 125, no 1, p. 83-134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper argues that the distinction between lying and misleading while not lying issensitive to discourse structure. It is shown that whether an utterance is a lie or is merelymisleading sometimes depends on the topic of conversation, represented by so-calledquestions under discussion. It is argued that to mislead is to disrupt the pursuit of thegoal of inquiry, i.e., to discover how things are. Lying is seen as a special case requiringassertion of disbelieved information, where assertion is characterized as a mode of con-tributing information to a discourse that is sensitive to the state of the discourse itself.The resulting account is applied to a number of ways of exploiting the lying-misleadingdistinction, involving conversational implicature, incompleteness, presuppositions, andprosodic focus. It is shown that assertion, and hence lying, is preserved from subques-tion to superquestion under a strict entailment relation between questions, and ways oflying and misleading in relation to multiple questions are discussed

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 125, no 1, p. 83-134
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-379065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-379065DiVA, id: diva2:1295398
Available from: 2019-03-11 Created: 2019-03-11 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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