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Diffusion of Cybersecurity Technology - Next Generation, Powered by Artificial Intelligence
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The cyber world is growing as more information is converted from analogue to digital form. While convenience has been the main driver for this change little effort has been made on securing the data. Data breaches are growing in number and each breach is growing in severity. Combined with regulatory pressure organizations are starting to realize the importance of security. The increased threat level is also driving the security market for more potent solutions and artificial intelligence (AI) have in recent years been implemented to enhance the capabilities of security technologies. 

The thesis aims to investigate the adoption of AI enabled cybersecurity technologies within the financial industry which is often perceived as the market leader regarding security. Using a qualitative method through a multiple case study, valuable insights were gained regarding how firms are working with security and what needs they have. To identify factors that influence the rate of diffusion of AI enabled security technologies the diffusion of innovation theory combined with the TOE framework was used in this study. 

The thesis has contributed to the field of innovation management by enriching an area within IT innovation management by bridging the gap between security innovation and AI innovation. The study revealed that environmental factors, such as regulations and threat landscape, are forcing organizations to take action and control both how organizations work with security but also what technological attributes are perceived as advantageous. Detection and automation are two technological attributes that the companies are looking for to fill their needs. AI solutions are already being implemented to increase detection and automation we believe that the rate of adoption for AI enabled security innovation will only continue to grow. The results and findings contribute to an expanded understanding on the factors that affect adoption of AI security innovations within the financial industry.

Abstract [sv]

Den digitala världen fortsätter att växa eftersom mer information omvandlas från analog till digital form. Medan bekvämlighet har varit den viktigaste drivkraften för denna förändring, så har lite ansträngning gjorts för att säkra upp den data som företagen besitter. Dataintrången växer i antal, och varje ny incident får allvarligare konsekvenser än den förra. Detta faktum kombinerat med strängare regelverk har fått företagen att inse vikten av att säkra sin miljö. Den förstärkta hotbilden driver också säkerhetsmarknaden framåt med nya lösningar, och artificiell intelligens (AI) har under de senaste åren i allt större utsträckning implementerats i säkerhetslösningar för att förstärka skyddet.

Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka spridningen av AI-säkerhetsinnovationer inom finansbranschen, som ofta uppfattas som marknadsledande när det gäller säkerhet. Med hjälp av en kvalitativ metod genom en fallstudie på tre företag erhölls värdefulla insikter om hur företagen arbetar med säkerhet och vilka behov de har. För att identifiera faktorer som påverkar spridningshastigheten för AI-säkerhetslösningar användes ”diffusion of innovation”-teorin i kombination med TOE-ramverket i denna studie.

Uppsatsen har bidragit till innovation management-området genom att berika ett område inom IT-innovation genom att brygga mellan säkerhetsinnovation och AI-innovation. Studien visade att miljöfaktorer, såsom regelverk och hotbild, kontrollerar både hur organisationer arbetar med säkerhet och vilka tekniska egenskaper som uppfattas som fördelaktiga. Detektion och automatisering är två tekniska egenskaper som företagen har stora behov av. AI-lösningar implementeras redan för att öka de egenskaperna. Vi argumenterar för att, utifrån de behoven som företagen har kombinerat med miljöfaktorerna, kommer spridningstakten att öka för AI-säkerhetsinnovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 75
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX 2018 ; 333
Keywords [en]
Cybersecurity, IT-security, Artificial Intelligence, Diffusion of Innovation, Technology Adoption, IT innovation, Security Strategy
Keywords [sv]
Cybersecurity, IT-security, Artificial Intelligence, Diffusion of Innovation, Technology Adoption, IT innovation, Security Strategy
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-246027DiVA, id: diva2:1295355
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-03-11 Created: 2019-03-11 Last updated: 2019-03-11Bibliographically approved

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