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Med livet som insats -En kvalitativ studie om polisers psykosociala arbetsmiljo samt dess paverkan pa frivilliga uppsagningar inom polismyndigheten
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Turnover of personnel within the Swedish Police Authority has during the last few years

increased and there is today a lower number of police officers working in the field (SVT,

2018b). This lack of personnel can be explained by a decreased interest in applying for the

police academy as well as more officers deciding to voluntarily terminate their employment

(SVT, 2018a). This can generate thoughts regarding possible reasons for voluntary turnover.

The chairman of the Swedish Police Union, Lena Nitz (SVT, 2018c) addresses that a crucial

factor to reduce the amount of voluntary turnover is an improved work environment.

The aim of this study is to analyze the psychosocial work environment for patrolling police

officers and to gain knowledge if elements in it might make certain police officers choose to

terminate their employment. Previous research within the field tend to separately study police

officers psychosocial work environment and turnover within police authorities and has

indicated that the psychosocial work environment can cause stress and emotional exhaustion.

Further research shows that emotional labor is common within police work and that voluntary

turnover is the main form of turnover for police officers. This study has consisted of

qualitative interviews with employed as well as previously employed police officers who

voluntarily terminated their employment. Our conclusions demonstrate that the psychosocial

work environment for Swedish police officers tends to be characterized as unpredictable,

exposed and psychologically demanding. The foremost reasons for voluntary turnover have

been considerably low salaries in relation to the demands, lack of appreciation from the

organization and the shortages of manpower within the Swedish police authority.

Abstract [sv]

Den svenska polismyndighetens personalomsattning har under de senaste aren okat och vi har

idag den lagsta polistatheten pa over tio ar (SVT, 2018b). Denna polisbrist kan forklaras

genom att allt farre valjer att utbilda sig till polis samtidigt som fler yrkesverksamma poliser

frivilligt valjer att avsluta sin anstallning (SVT, 2018a). Detta kan foranleda tankar om vad

den okade mangden frivilliga uppsagningar grundar sig i. Polisforbundets ordforande Lena

Nitz (SVT, 2018c) poangterar att en avgorande faktor for att minska antalet frivilliga

uppsagningar ar en forbattrad arbetsmiljo.

Syftet med foljande uppsats ar darfor att analysera den psykosociala arbetsmiljon for poliser i

yttre tjanst samt komma fram till om nagot i den gor att vissa poliser valjer alternativt skulle

valja att avsluta sin anstallning. Den tidigare forskningen kring dessa omraden tenderas att

behandlas separat och polisers psykosociala arbetsmiljo har visats orsaka stress och andra

utmattningssyndrom. Vidare belyser forskning hur emotionellt arbete ar vanligt

forekommande inom polisyrket samt att frivilliga uppsagningar ar den framsta orsaken till

personalomsattning for poliser. Denna studie baseras pa kvalitativa intervjuer med

yrkesverksamma poliser samt poliser som avslutat sin anstallning. Studien har resulterat i

slutsatser som pavisat att polisernas psykosociala arbetsmiljo praglas av att vara psykiskt

kravande, utsatt och oforutsagbar. De framsta anledningarna for frivilliga uppsagningar inom

polisen ar att lonen inte ar skalig i relation till arbetets krav, brist pa uppskattning fran

organisationen samt en brist pa personal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Swedish police, psychosocial work environment, turnover, voluntary turnover
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-73043DiVA, id: diva2:1294759
Subject / course
Sociologi
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-03-08 Created: 2019-03-08 Last updated: 2019-03-08Bibliographically approved

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