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Deducing the Lateral Growth of Anticlines using Drainage Analysisand Geomorphological Features
University of Kurdistan Hewlệr, Department of Natural Resour ces, Engineering and Management, Department KRG, Erbil, Iraq.
Salahaddin University, Kirkuk road, Erbil, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
2019 (English)In: Geotectonics, ISSN 0016-8521, E-ISSN 1556-1976, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 140-154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

— one in Iraq is an active tectonic area witnessing different evidences for Neotec-ur, Pulkhana, and Qumar anticlines which aretonic actipart of anticlinal series in the Low Folded Zone and Zagros Fold–Thrust Belt. The exposed rocks are of Mid- dle Miocene – Pleistocene age overlain unconformably by different types of Quaternary sediments which show different indications for lateral growth. Three anticlines are dissected by tens of different size valleys crossing the anticlines forming water gaps and wind gaps which are good indication for the anticlines lateral growth. We studied the lateral growth of three anticlines using different means of qualitative analysis of satel- lite imagery and digital topography and ArcGIS technique. The anticlines lateral growth was mainly mani- fested by the drainage system and patterns which exhibited strange courses during dissecting the three studied anticlines. Moreover, the main streams deposited alluvial fans during Early Pleistocene and even Early Holo- cene which were also inf luenced by both lateral and vertical anticlines growth. Their abnormal shapes, aban- doned fans and streams were among indica morphological indices which indicated tectonic activity of the study area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019. Vol. 53, no 1, p. 140-154
Keywords [en]
neotectonic activity, geomorphological features, Quaternary sediments, lateral growth, anticlines
National Category
Engineering and Technology Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73045DOI: 10.1134/S0016852119010072ISI: 000467082300008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065393515OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-73045DiVA, id: diva2:1292249
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-10 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-02-27 Created: 2019-02-27 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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