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A New Perspective at the Ship-Air-Sea-Interface: The Environmental Impacts of Exhaust Gas Scrubber Discharge
GEOMAR Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res, Biol Oceanog, Kiel, Germany;Max Planck Inst Chem, Climate Geochem, Mainz, Germany.
Univ Ghent, Maritime Inst, Fac Law & Criminol, Ghent, Belgium.
Plymouth Marine Lab, Plymouth, Devon, England.
Inst Adv Sustainabil Studies, Potsdam, Germany.
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2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Marine Science, E-ISSN 2296-7745, Vol. 5, article id 139Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Shipping emissions are likely to increase significantly in the coming decades, alongside increasing emphasis on the sustainability and environmental impacts of the maritime transport sector. Exhaust gas cleaning systems ("scrubbers"), using seawater or fresh water as cleaning media for sulfur dioxide, are progressively used by shipping companies to comply with emissions regulations. Little is known about the chemical composition of the scrubber effluent and its ecological consequences for marine life and biogeochemical processes. If scrubbers become a central tool for atmospheric pollution reduction from shipping, modeling, and experimental studies will be necessary to determine the ecological and biogeochemical effects of scrubber wash water discharge on the marine environment. Furthermore, attention must be paid to the regulation and enforcement of environmental protection standards concerning scrubber use. Close collaboration between natural scientists and social scientists is crucial for progress toward sustainable shipping and protection of the marine environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA , 2018. Vol. 5, article id 139
Keywords [en]
scrubber, sulfur emissions, shipping, air-sea interface, surface ocean, biogeochemistry, exhaust gas cleaning system
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377498DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00139ISI: 000457084600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-377498DiVA, id: diva2:1291055
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-1007Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-2120Available from: 2019-02-22 Created: 2019-02-22 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved

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