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Ab initio simulations of topological phase transitions in Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 doped with Zn and Mn impurities
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this work we exploit the unique characteristics of a Dirac semimetal material to be symmetry-protected, to investigate dierent topological phase transitions provided by chemical dopings, focusing in particular on the electronic, magnetic and topological properties of the doped systems, studied by the mean of rst-principles methods based on density functional theory (DFT) approach. In particular these doped systems, besides being of interest for investigating the role of topology in solid state physics, could have a great potential for practical application since the dierent topological phases that come along with the chemical dopings allow one to exploit the unique properties of topological materials. The starting point for our study will be the material called cadmium-arsenide (Cd3As2), an example of a topological Dirac semimetal, which is chemically stable at ambient conditions. Chapter I presents a general introduction to topology, especially in condensed matter physics, and to the main physical properties of the topological materials we mentioned. Then, in chapter II, we briey present the methods and the computational tools that we used for our study. In chapter III a more detailed introduction to our work is given, along with a schemetic view of the path we followed, together with the results that we obtained for pristine Cd3As2, which we use as bench mark for our computational methods. Finally, in chapter IV and V, the results for the doped systems are presented and discussed, respectevely for the non-magnetic (IV) and magnetic (V) dopings. Our study has enabled us to discern how doping can give rise to see dierent topological phase transitions. Specically our work shows that dierent realizations of non-magnetic doping gives rise to dierent topological phases: the topological Weyl semimetal phase, which is of great interest since it can support a robust quantum spin Hall eect, and a very special mixed Dirac + Weyl phase, where surprisingly both a Dirac and a Weyl phase can coexist in the same system. Furthermore, magnetically doped systems show the emergence of a magnetic Weyl phase, which can support a quantum anomalous Hall eect. Our work can be the starting point for future studies, both theoretical and experimental, in which the unique physical properties we found in the doped Cd3As2 systems can be further investigated, in order to exploit them for practical applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 109
Keywords [en]
Topological materials, Dirac semimetals, Weyl semimetals, ab initio simulation, first-principles
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80767OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-80767DiVA, id: diva2:1290892
External cooperation
Università degli studi dell'Insubria; CNR-IMM Agrate Brianza
Subject / course
Physics
Educational program
Physics, masterprogramme, 120 credits
Presentation
2019-02-20, 10:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-26 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-02-27Bibliographically approved

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Ab initio simulations of topological phase transitions in Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 doped with Zn and Mn impurities(4496 kB)156 downloads
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