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Motivation som utgångspunkt: En undersökning om elevers motivation till ämnet och aktiviteten redskapsgymnastik i idrott och hälsa  
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Forskning kring motivation har funnits under en längre tid. Anledningen är att motivation är en psykologisk sinnesställning, och forskare ansåg detta intressant på 1800-talet. Redskapsgymnastik som vi ser den idag har funnits nästan lika länge. Dock har inte mycket forskning gjorts om redskapsgymnastik kopplat till skola och ämnet idrott och hälsa. Syftet med studien var att undersöka gymnasieelevers motivation till ämnet och aktiviteten redskapsgymnastik i idrott och hälsa. Syftet har också varit att undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar elevers motivation positivt och vilka som skapar amotivation. Detta undersöktes med en enkät, där 300 elever som läste idrott och hälsa 1 svarade på 19 frågor. Eleverna var utspridda på 13 klasser, tre skolor, i två olika städer i södra Sverige. Studiens valda teori är self determination theory. Resultatkapitlet blev uppdelat i teorins fundamentala byggstenar, yttre motivation, inre motivation och amotivation. Resultatet visade att eleverna förlitade sig på läraren som en yttre faktor i flera avseenden. Bland annat var läraren viktig för att eleverna skulle kunna skapa inre motivation till redskapsgymnastik och ämnet. Även andra faktorer som aktivitetens upplägg och motiverade klasskamrater visade sig påverka eleverna positivt. Det visade sig också i resultatet att elever kunde bli amotiverade av självständigt arbete och kroppsliga bedömningssituationer kopplade till redskapsgymnastik. Det visade sig också att många elever praktiserat redskapsgymnastik i yngre åldrar, vilket resulterade i att många elever i studien hade en positiv syn på redskapsgymnastik i ämnet.

Abstract [en]

Motivation is a subject that has been studied for a long time. That´s because motivation is a psychological attitude, and researchers considered this interesting during the 19th century. Gymnastics in school has been around for almost as long, but little research has been done on gymnastics in the subject physical education. The purpose of this study was to investigate student’s motivation for physical education and the activity gymnastics in physical education; which factors enhances pupils' motivation, and which create amotivation. This was examined with a questionnaire survey, where 300 students who study physical education answered 19 questions. The pupils were spread out over 13 classes, three schools, in two different cities in southern Sweden. The theory of this study is self-determination theory, in which the result chapter was divided into the fundamental building blocks of this theory: external motivation, inner motivation and amotivation. The result showed that the students relied on the teacher as an external factor in several aspects; as an example, the teacher was important for the students to be able to create inner motivation for gymnastics and the subject physical education. Other factors such as the structure of the activity and motivated classmates also proved to influence the students´ motivation. The result also showed that students could become amotivated by independent work and assessment situations in gymnastics. It turned out that many students had practiced gymnastics at younger ages, as a result, many students in the study had a positive view of gymnastics in physical education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 50
Keywords [en]
Motivation, amotivation, physical education, gymnastics
Keywords [sv]
Motivation, amotivation, idrott och hälsa, redskapsgymnastik
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80649OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-80649DiVA, id: diva2:1289824
Subject / course
Physical Education
Educational program
Teacher Education Programme for Upper Secondary School, 300/330 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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