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Påverkar närhet till högskola regional attraktionskraft?: Effekter på migrationsströmmar i Sverige till följd av införandet av regionala högskolor
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats undersöker effekter av högskolereformen år 1977 på Sveriges inrikes migrationsströmmar för perioden 1968–1996. Reformen innebar att 12 nya högskolor upprättades i 16 kommuner i landet som tidigare haft 6 verksamma universitet. Identifikationsstrategin drar nytta av att endast ett par svenska kommuner omfattades av reformen vilket gör det möjligt att jämföra migrationsflöden i dessa kommuner med resterande delar av landet. Detta för att komma närmare en kausal tolkning av resultaten. Resultaten visar att inflyttning till kommuner som upprättade en högskola ökade med totalt 7,74 procent under perioden jämfört med resterande delar av Sverige. Inflyttningen för åldersgrupp 15–29 år ökade med 15,56 procent och inflyttningen för individer över 65 år minskade med 10,97 procent. Utflyttningsandelen ökade med 7,5 procent i den yngsta åldersgruppen men ingen signifikant effekt kunde säkerställas för resterande befolkning. Slutligen ökade rörligheten relativt sett mer för män än kvinnor.

Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the effects of a higher education reform that took place in Sweden in 1977 on within country migration for the time period 1968-1996. 12 new universities were established in 16 municipalities in the country which up until this point had housed only 6 operative universities. The identification strategy takes advantage of the fact that the reform was implemented exclusively in some municipalities making it possible to compare these with remaining parts of the country to get closer to interpreting a causal effect. The results show that within country migration to municipalities who established new universities increased by 7.74 percent compared to the rest of Sweden. Migration to university cities in age group 15- 29 increased with 15.56 percent and migration for individuals over the age of 65 decreased with 10.97 percent. Migration out of university municipalities increased with 7.5 percent in the youngest age group but no significant effects were found for the rest of the population. Furthermore, mobility increased relatively more for men than women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
migration, higher education, human capital, school reform, regional development
Keywords [sv]
migration, högskoleutbildning, humankapital, skolreform, regional utveckling
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-377285DiVA, id: diva2:1289450
Subject / course
Economics
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Business and Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-18 Created: 2019-02-18 Last updated: 2019-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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