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Do the Presence of Anchor Institutions Increase Opportunities in Life?: Exploring the Effects of Higher Education Institutions on Pupils’ School Achievements in different neighbourhood types
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The number of universities in Sweden has increased since the 1960s and universities have been discussed to have economic and social advantages to the community they are established in. At the same time, residential segregation is an increasing problem which affects the opportunities in life of the most vulnerable. This study aims to explore if the presence of one or several anchor institutions may have an effect on the school achievements of pupils from neighbourhoods with different socioeconomic status in secondary school and upper secondary school. Furthermore, it aims to investigate how the presence of HEIs affect adolescents’ opportunities in life, especially in vulnerable neighbourhoods. The effects of HEIs on the neighbourhoods with different socioeconomic status in Sweden are measured through linear regression analyses with interaction effects. The findings suggest that (1) the presence of university campuses have an equalisation effect on the school achievements of secondary and upper secondary school pupils; (2) the university design matters: new universities have an equalisation effect on the school achievements in contrary to old universities; (3) the presence of a university hospital does not have an improving effect on the grades like universities do, in contrary, the findings suggest that they have a negative effect; and finally (4), there are some evidence indicating that the findings can be explained by endogenous neighbourhood effects, as the presence of universities increase the number of role models within the community, which would affect the school achievements of secondary and upper secondary school pupils.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 68
Series
Uppsatser Kulturgeografiska institutionen
Keywords [en]
Anchor institution, university, residential segregation, school achievements, opportunities in life, neighbourhood effects
National Category
Cultural Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-377131DiVA, id: diva2:1288733
Subject / course
Human geography
Educational program
Master Programme in Social Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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