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Long-term trends of land use and demography in Greece: A comparative study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history. (Domesticated Landscapes of the Peloponnese (DoLP))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6583-387X
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2019 (English)In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 742-760Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper offers a comparative study of land use and demographic development in northern and southern Greece from the Neolithic to the Byzantine period. Results from summed probability densities (SPD) of archaeological radiocarbon dates and settlement numbers derived from archaeological site surveys are combined with results from cluster-based analysis of published pollen core assemblages to offer an integrated view of human pressure on the Greek landscape through time. We demonstrate that SPDs offer a useful approach to outline differences between regions and a useful complement to archaeological site surveys, evaluated here especially for the onset of the Neolithic and for the Final Neolithic (FN)/Early Bronze Age (EBA) transition. Pollen analysis highlight differences in vegetation between the two sub-regions, but also several parallel changes. The comparison of land cover dynamics between two sub-regions of Greece further demonstrates the significance of the bioclimatic conditions of core locations and that apparent oppositions between regions may in fact be two sides of the same coin in terms of socio-ecological trajectories. We also assess the balance between anthropogenic and climate-related impacts on vegetation and suggest that climatic variability was as an important factor for vegetation regrowth. Finally, our evidence suggests that the impact of humans on land cover is amplified from the Late Bronze Age (LBA) onwards as more extensive herding and agricultural practices are introduced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 29, no 5, p. 742-760
Keywords [en]
archaeology, Greece, land cover, land use, pollen, summed probability densities
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Research subject
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377125DOI: 10.1177/0959683619826641ISI: 000468293200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-377125DiVA, id: diva2:1288667
Projects
Domesticated Landscapes of the Peloponnese (DoLP)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2014-1181Available from: 2019-02-14 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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Weiberg, ErikaBevan, AndrewKouli, KaterinaKatsianis, MarkosWoodbridge, JessieBonnier, AntonEngel, MaxFinné, MartinFyfe, RalphPalmisano, AlessioShennan, Stephen
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