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Externaliserat och internaliserat beteendes samband med utsatthet för brott
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie syftade till att undersöka sambandet mellan internaliserat ochexternaliserat beteende och utsatthet för brott. En kvantitativ ansats användesdär data samlades in i form av en webenkät som skickades ut till enstudentpopulation vilket resulterade i ett urval på 267 respondenter i åldrarna18 – 42 (M = 23,06 SD = 3,80). En logistisk regression utfördes för attundersöka sambandet mellan externaliserat och internaliserat beteende ochutsatthet för brott, när beteendena kontrollerades mot varandra. Resultatenvisade att endast externaliserat beteende var statistiskt signifikant med egenkraft och hade en oddskvot på 1,03 vilket innebär att för varje ökat värde påexternaliserat-skalan var det 1,03 gånger så troligt att respondenterna skullesvara att de hade utsatts för någon av de 11 brott som kontrolleras förinternaliserat beteende. Resultaten visade även statistisk signifikans mellanexternaliserat beteende och utsatthet för brott hos män, men inte hos kvinnor,samt statistisk signifikans mellan internaliserat beteende och utsatthet förbrott för kvinnor men inte för män. Dessa resultat lyfter fram viktiga fyndmellan dessa beteenden och utsattheten för brott. Författarna argumenterar föratt dessa resultat bör användas inom framtida brottsprevention för attprioritera var resurser skall läggas baserat på kön och typ av beteende, för attuppnå de mest adekvata insatserna.

Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to examine the relationship between internalizingand externalizing behaviors and criminal victimization. A quantitativeapproach was used and a web survey was sent out to a student population. Atotal of 267 respondents participated with an age range between 18 and 42years (M = 23.06; SD = 3.80). A logistic regression was used to investigatethe relationship between externalizing and internalizing behaviors andvictimization of crime while controlling independently for each of the twobehaviors. The results showed that externalizing behavior was significant,while controlling for internalizing behavior, with an odds ratio of 1.03. Thus,for each increased value on the externalizing scale a participant was 1.03times more likely to have responded that they had been exposed to a crime.The results were also significant between externalizing behavior and criminalvictimization for men, but not for women; and significant betweeninternalizing behavior and criminal victimization for women but not for men.These results highlights the association between internalizing andexternalizing behaviors and criminal victimization. The authors argue thatthese results should be used in future crime prevention strategies to prioritizewhere resources should be placed on the basis of gender and type of behavior,in order to achieve effective intervention outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Externalizing behavior, internalizing behavior, victimization, university students
Keywords [sv]
Externaliserat beteende, internaliserat beteende, utsatthet för brott, universitetsstudenter
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-72448DiVA, id: diva2:1288519
Subject / course
Criminology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-13 Created: 2019-02-13 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved

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