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Någon eller något?: En undersökning av djurgestaltning i tre skönlitterära verk
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Someone or something? : An exploration of animal portrayal in three literary works. (English)
Abstract [en]

This paper intends to examine animal portrayal in literature with the guidance of three literary works; Charlotte’s Web, The Call of the Wild and The Guest Cat. The overall purpose is to explore the representation of animals in text and see what it possibly could show about our – the humans – view of animals. Through this I investigate what we do when we interpret animals in text and how this portrayal can effect animals, with the help of a moral philosophical angle. I put focus on how the view of animals can be effected depending on if one sees animals as an object or a subject – someone or something. Questions used are: How are animals portrayed in this fiction? What can this portrayal show about our relationship with – and view of – animals? The analysis show consequences of both sides through the thought that both views still can be a sign of power over animals, since we never completely can understand animal’s thoughts or actions. I argue, however, that there still is a value to reflect about the animal in literature because it can demonstrate a shifting animal view and let us reflect not only about the animals in literature ­– but in the reality as well.

Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats ämnar undersöka djurs gestaltning i litteratur med vägledning av tre litterära verk; Charlotte’s Web, The Call of the Wild och Gästkatten. Det övergripande syftet är att undersöka representationen av djur i text och se vad de möjligtvis kan säga om vår – människans – djursyn. Genom detta undersöker jag vad vi gör när vi tolkar djur i text och hur denna gestaltning kan påverka djur, med hjälp av en moralfilosofisk vinkel. Denna vinkel lägger fokus på hur djursynen kan påverkas beroende på om man ser djur som objekt eller subjekt – någon eller något. Frågeställningarna är: Hur gestaltas djur i denna fiktion? Vad kan denna gestaltning säga om vår relation till – och syn på – djur? Analysen visar konsekvenser av båda sidor genom tanken att båda ändå kan vara ett tecken på makt eftersom vi aldrig helt kan förstå djurs tankar och handlingar. Jag argumenterar däremot att det ändå finns ett värde att reflektera kring djurbilden i litteratur eftersom det kan demonstrera en skiftande djursyn och låta oss reflektera kring djur inte bara i litteraturen – men i verkligheten. ­

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Animal, animal studies, anthropocentric, subject, object, anthropomorphism, nature & culture.
Keywords [sv]
Djur, djurstudier, antropocentrisk, subjekt, objekt, antropomorfism, natur & kultur
National Category
Humanities and the Arts General Literature Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-156065DiVA, id: diva2:1285246
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Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved

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Någon eller något?(763 kB)88 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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