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Avokadosar och kepsar – ett epentetiskt s med olika funktioner
Lunds universitet.
2018 (Swedish)In: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, Vol. NF 28, p. 5-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two groups of words containing an s in the ending are discussed: firstly, non-standard plural forms ending in -sar, such as avokadosar ‘avocados’, frequently found in spoken Swedish, but deviating from the forms avokador or avokadoer, recommended by normative authorities, and secondly, so-called keps-words, traditionally analysed as English loan words, retaining the plural s, which, in some cases has been incorporated into the stem: cap + s keps ‘hat’. The focus of interest is the role of the s.

I argue that s in both groups is an epenthetic consonant. In sar-plurals, the s blocks hiatus, which is undesirable in Swedish. It also provides the syllable that follows with an onset and allows for the use of the default plural marker -ar. For keps-words I argue that s is epenthetic too, but in a different way. Prokosch’s law is important in Swedish phonology; basically, stressed syllables have to be long. When English short-syllable words, such as cap, are imported, they have to be adjusted accordingly. To supply the coda with an s – a reanalysis of the English plural marker –, is one way to achieve this. Not all keps-words can be explained this way, but the explanation holds for the majority of the examples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. NF 28, p. 5-21
Keywords [en]
sar-plural, keps-words, epenthetic consonant, Prokosch’s law
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-376232DOI: 10.33063/diva-376232OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-376232DiVA, id: diva2:1285199
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https://doi.org/10.33063/diva-376232

Available from: 2019-02-03 Created: 2019-02-03 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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