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Solid Waste Management at Inhaca Island
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hållbar avfallshantering på ön Inhaca (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Solid Waste Management has become an issue of increasing global concern. As the population continues to grow and consumption patterns change municipal authorities are facing immense challenges to manage the increasing amounts of solid waste in a sustainable way. This report is composed by interviews, observations and literary studies and aims to map the Solid Waste Management system of Inhaca Island in Mozambique, in order to identify challenges and recommend for further actions of improvement.

At Inhaca Island, waste is deposited on an open dumpsite or otherwise buried or burned around the house yards. The lack of financial means contributes to an improper waste management on the with challenges in areas such as collecting, disposal and treatment of waste. For Inhaca Island it is important to focus on improvements of the Solid Waste Management system that are not as dependent on the financial means of Maputo municipality, such as improvement in public awareness and informal waste-picking. These factors need to be addressed before establishing a technical system. Inadequate collection and handling of waste exposes the population to hazardous waste and endanger both public health and the environment. Therefore it is important to improve the waste management conditions on the island.

Abstract [sv]

I samband med att populationen ökar världen över och att konsumtionsmönstren förändras har olika kommunala myndigheter svårigheter med att hantera avfallshanteringen på ett hållbart sätt. Syftet med denna rapport är att kartlägga avfallshanteringen på Inhaca Island i Mozambique samt att identifiera olika svårigheter och att rekommendera potentiella framtidslösningar för det aktuella systemet. Datainsamlingen har gjorts genom intervjuer, observationer och litteraturstudier. Avfallet på Inhaca Island transporteras till en öppen dump-plats eller grävs ner eller bränns på befolkningens bakgårdar. Bristen på finansiellt stöd bidrar till en olämplig avfallshantering och därför är det viktigt att Inhaca Island fokuserar på förbättringar som inte är beroende av höga finansiella kostnader såsom information till allmänheten och den informella avfalls-plockningen. Dessa faktorer måste bli täckta innan ett tekniskt system implementeras. Det är viktigt att förbättra avfallshanteringen på ön då en bristande avfallshantering utsätter både människor och miljön för olika risker. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 18175
Keywords [en]
solid waste, waste management, sustainable
Keywords [sv]
fast avfall, avfallshantering, hållbarhet
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-242103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-242103DiVA, id: diva2:1282927
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Energy and Environment
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-15 Created: 2019-01-27 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved

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