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Electrochemical Analysis of Modified Separators for Li-S Batteries
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4767-9471
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9292-016X
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8019-2801
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The lithium-sulfur system is one of the potential energy storage technologies of the next generation due to the high theoretical specific capacity (1672 mAh/g), abundance and nontoxicity of sulfur [1]. However, there are still challenges yet to be overcome, one of which is the ‘polysulfide shuttle’ [1]. In order to address this issue, several modifications of the separators have been proposed. For example, longer cycle life, higher Coulombic efficiency and higher specific capacities have been reported with metal oxide coatings [2] and conductive interlayers [3,4] on the separators. Performance improvements in one or more of these properties have been ascribed to a suppression of polysulfide transport across the separator, even though this has not always been correlated with the difference in electrochemistry.

 

In this work, the Intermittent Current Interruption (ICI) method [5] is applied to monitor the evolution of internal resistance of Li-S cells with different separators during repeated charge and discharge. Cells with different separators exhibit significant differences in resistance as a function of state-of-charge in the initial cycles, as shown in the figure.  Complemented by self-discharge tests and impedance spectroscopy at selected states of charge, the roles of the interlayers in the system can be further interpreted electrochemically. This work aims to associate the electrochemical properties of the interlayers to their corresponding microstructural counterparts, which can in turn facilitate further development of the interlayer materials.

 

Figure: Internal resistance of cells vs specific charge for Li-S cells with different separators (Zero charge indicates the fully charged state.) for the 2nd, 5th and 10th cycles at C/10 rate.

 

References:

[1]         S. Urbonaite, T. Poux, P. Novák, Adv. Energy Mater. 5 (2015) 1–20.

[2]         Z. Zhang, Y. Lai, Z. Zhang, K. Zhang, J. Li, Electrochim. Acta 129 (2014) 55–61.

[3]         H. Yao, K. Yan, W. Li, G. Zheng, D. Kong, Z.W. Seh, V.K. Narasimhan, Z. Liang, Y. Cui, Energy Environ. Sci. 7 (2014) 3381–3390.

[4]         J. Balach, T. Jaumann, M. Klose, S. Oswald, J. Eckert, L. Giebeler, Adv. Funct. Mater. 25 (2015) 5285–5291.

[5]         M.J. Lacey, K. Edström, D. Brandell, Chem. Commun. 51 (2015) 16502–16505.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
lithium-sulfur batteries, separators, cellulose
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-374818OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-374818DiVA, id: diva2:1282214
Conference
69th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry, Bologna, Italy, 2 - 7 September, 2018.
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyAvailable from: 2019-01-24 Created: 2019-01-24 Last updated: 2019-01-25Bibliographically approved

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