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Shining a light on soccer injuries in Africa: A descriptive and comparative Cohort study on soccer injuries in Rwanda and Swaziland
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background/Problem definition

There are few epidemiological studies on soccer injuries in Africa.The prevalence and variables linked to injuries needs to be recognized. Better mapping and knowledge about injury prevalence/incidence could play an important role in helping players sustain a career in soccer without major injuries. 

Objective

To explore prevalence, mechanism, severity of injuries and injured body parts in players from top divisions of Rwanda and Swaziland during season 2012/2013.

Methods

The study was of a retrospective, descriptive, comparative design with a quantitative approach on a cohort of n=738 players from Rwanda and Swaziland. Injury frequencies from data sets was analyzed. Data was analyzed using the F-MARC injury-questionnaire.

Results

The subpopulations had varying frequencies of injuries. Age 18-24 sustained the most injuries in both countries, n=215. There was a significant difference of injury prevalence, 71,8% of the Swaziland players sustained injuries. In Rwanda 34,8% sustained injuries. However, the severity of injuries was significantly higher in the Rwanda.

Conclusion

The results of the findings in this study shows that the players in Swaziland had almost a two-time higher injury prevalence. Although the reason to this can only be speculated in by the authors. Further research is encouraged to increase the mapping of injuries in Africa, and factors associated to them.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund/Problemformulering

Studier på fotbollsskador i Afrika är få till antal. Det finns ett behov av att undersöka skadeprevalensen och variabler som påverkar skador. En större kartläggning och mer kunskap om skadeprevalens/incidens kan spela en viktig roll i att hjälpa fotbollsspelare att undvika allvarligare skador under deras karriär.

Syfte

Att utforska prevalens, mekanism, svårighetgrad av skador samt skadad kroppsdel hos spelare i Rwandas och Swazilands högsta fotbollsligor.

Metod

Studien var av en retrospektiv, deskriptiv, komparativ design med en kvantitativ inriktning i en kohort på n=738 fotbollssspelare från Rwanda och Swaziland. Skadefrekvenser från data analyserades. Data analyserades och sammanfattades genom användning av skadeformuläret F-MARC.

Resultatsammanfattning

Subpopulationerna hade tydliga variationer i skadefrekvens. Åldersgruppen 18–24 ådrog sig flest skador, 215 st. Det fanns en signifikant skillnad i skadeprevalens mellan länderna. I Swaziland ådrog 71,8% av spelarna sig en skada, Rwanda var denna siffra 34,8%. Däremot var allvarlighetsgraden av skador, mätt i tid borta från fotbollsspelande, större i Rwanda.

Slutsats

Resultatet av denna studie visar på att spelarna i Swaziland hade cirka två gånger högre skadeprevalens än spelarna i Rwanda. Författarna av denna studie kan endast spekulera i anledningen till detta. Vidare forskning uppmuntras för att få en bättre kartläggning av skadeprevalensen i Afrika samt faktorer som påverkar denna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Soccer, Football, Injuries, Africa, Rwanda, Swaziland
Keywords [sv]
Fotboll, Skador, Afrika, Rwanda, Swaziland
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-373660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-373660DiVA, id: diva2:1279213
External cooperation
Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Western Cape
Educational program
Physiotherapy programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-24 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-01-24Bibliographically approved

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