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Evacuation ahead of natural disasters: Evidence from cyclone Phailin in India and typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8988-3249
2018 (English)In: GEO-GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT, ISSN 2054-4049, Vol. 5, no 1, article id e00051Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Why do some people evacuate ahead of natural disasters while others do not? This paper explores the conditions under which people are likely to evacuate. It does so by contrasting a success case of evacuation before cyclone Phailin in Orissa (India), with a failed case in Tacloban, before typhoon Haiyan (the Philippines). This paper examines this striking variation by examining the importance of two main factors suggested by previous research: experience and trust. The paper argues that prior experience of natural disaster increases individual perception of risk and may lead to institutional learning, but only where the experienced disaster was traumatic. Trust between citizens and public officials is held to further increase the likelihood people will evacuate in advance of natural disasters. Evidence of these causal mechanisms is found in the empirical analysis, which is based on 41 interviews and six focused group discussions in India and the Philippines between August and November 2014.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2018. Vol. 5, no 1, article id e00051
Keywords [en]
disaster risk reduction, evacuation, India, resilience, the Philippines, tropical storms
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-361011DOI: 10.1002/geo2.51ISI: 000436937000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-361011DiVA, id: diva2:1251033
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-06389Swedish Research Council, 2016-00243Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved

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