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Traditionalist forbidding of wrong in ‘Abbasid Baghdad
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4855-389X
2018 (English)In: DIN: tidsskrift for religion og kultur, ISSN 1501-9934, E-ISSN 2387-6735, no 1, p. 113-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article focuses on the formative period of juridical traditions in the ‘Abbasid city of Baghdad. Ibn Hanbal (d. 855) was an early important Traditionalist, who practiced a passive resistance towards those he considered to hold faulty beliefs, or was considered guilty of faulty conduct. The focus of the article is the conflictual situation that can be related to conflicts of interpretative authority, especially regarding the duty of forbidding wrong, not the least during the 10th century, when several conflicts lead to social upheaval and violent conflict, for example during the lead of al-Barbahari (d. 941). The political, social and economic situation in the city of Baghdad is the context and functions as an explanatory background to the conflicts of interpretations between various Islamic factions. Following the violence and turbulence addressed in the article, a comment is made on the reasons as to why a more passive form of correction when forbidding wrong became the dominant strategy, which was promoted and practiced by, amongst others Abu Bakr al-Khallal (d. 923). One explanation is the pragmatic realization that rioting did not have a future, and in order to preserve Traditionalism it was necessary to adopt a more lenient strategy, which would not cause the caliph too much concern.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. no 1, p. 113-137
Keywords [en]
Traditionalism, Hanbalis, forbidding wrong, Baghdad
National Category
History of Religions
Research subject
History of Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-158824DiVA, id: diva2:1239253
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2018-08-16 Created: 2018-08-16 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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