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Short-lived Circumstellar Interaction in the Low-luminosity Type IIP SN 2016bkv
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Number of Authors: 152018 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 861, no 1, article id 63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While interaction with circumstellar material is known to play an important role in Type. IIn supernovae (SNe), analyses of the more common SNe IIP and IIL have not traditionally included interaction as a significant power source. However, recent campaigns to observe SNe within days of explosion have revealed narrow emission lines of high-ionization species in the earliest spectra of luminous SNe II of all subclasses. These flash ionization features indicate the presence of a confined shell of material around the progenitor star. Here we present the first low-luminosity (LL) SN to show flash ionization features, SN 2016bkv. This SN peaked at M-V = -16 mag and has Ha expansion velocities under 1350 km s(-1) around maximum light, placing it at the faint/slow end of the distribution of SNe IIP (similar to SN 2005cs). The light-curve shape of SN 2016bkv is also extreme among SNe IIP. A very strong initial peak could indicate additional luminosity from circumstellar interaction. A very small fall from the plateau to the nickel tail indicates unusually large production of radioactive nickel compared to other LL SNe IIP. A comparison between nebular spectra of SN. 2016bkv and models raises the possibility that SN. 2016bkv is an electron-capture supernova.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 861, no 1, article id 63
Keywords [en]
supernovae: general, supernovae: individual (SN 2016bkv)
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Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158353DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aac5f6ISI: 000437408100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-158353DiVA, id: diva2:1238397
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved

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Tartaglia, Leonardo
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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