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Arbetsmiljö med utländsk arbetskraft
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Working enviroment with foreign labor (English)
Abstract [sv]

I och med att byggsektorn är en av de mest olyckdrabbade industrierna i Sverige så hararbetsmiljön med avseende på säkerhetsrutiner undersökts i detta examensarbete. Det finnsmånga olika dimensioner av arbetsmiljö och säkerhet, men arbetet fokuserar på att undersökahur väl de personer som arbetar i produktionen tycker det fungerar med utstationeradarbetskraft och säkerhetsrutinerna.I arbetet så har frågeställningar om hur väl säkerheten fungerar med utstationerad arbetskraftoch hur det aktiva arbetsmiljöarbetet skiljer sig mellan svenska och utländska yrkesarbetaretagits upp. Sedan så har även undersökning gjorts i hur man rent allmänt skulle kunna ökasäkerhetsmedvetandet på byggarbetsplatserna. Det har även studerats hurproduktionsledningen på plats upplever situationen med utländsk arbetskraft och säkerhet iarbetsmiljöarbetet.Som underlag till arbetet har en litteraturstudie gjorts samt en intervjustudie av platscheferoch arbetsledare som har erfarenhet av att leda utländsk arbetskraft på sina projekt.Resultatet av studien visar på att produktionsledningen uppfattar problematiken medutstationerad arbetskraft i varierande grad. Vad som ansågs problematiskt kunde variera mengrunden till alla problemen kunde summeras till tre punkter vilka var kommunikation,kulturella skillnader och otydlighet vid upphandling av arbetskraften.Att det måste finnas högre krav och klarare ut- formulerat i anbuden vilken nivå av engelskade utstationerade behöver bemästra för att en säker arbetsmiljö ska kunna garanteras är någotsom kom fram i slutsatsen. Även hur den så kallade CFR-skalan kan användas aventreprenörer för att avgöra om språkkunskaperna anses vara bra nog, samt hur det kulturellaarvet hos arbetare främst från Östeuropa kan kollidera med den platta svenskaorganisationsstrukturen och på så sätt öka säkerhetsrisker i arbetet.

Abstract [en]

Since the construction sector is one of the industries that is the most affected by work relatedinjuries in Sweden, this thesis is investigating the work environment with focus on safetyroutines at the construction sites. But because of the work environment and safety routinescovers as broad spectra this thesis focuses on how well the people working in the productionsection of the industry, think it works with posted labor and safety routines at the constructionsites.Some questions have been asked in the thesis to help formulate the problem with posted laborand safety routines. They are formulated in a way to help examine how well the safety isworking with the posted labor and what differences leadership feels there are betweenSwedish and posted labor regarding safety routines. The thesis have also investigated how theleadership feels about the situation with posted workers and safety in the job with the workingenvironment.As a foundation for the thesis a literature study has been performed combined with interviewsof construction managers who have experience about leading posted labor in their projects.The result of the study shows that the construction managers view the problem with theposted labor quite different. What they viewed as a problem could fluctuate but everyonebasically had three common denominators; communication, culture differences anduncertainties in the procurements of the contractors.There must be higher demands and greater clarity in the demands of what level of English theposted labor should be able to speak to guarantee safe work environment was one of theconclusions in the thesis. The so called CFR-scale could be used by contractors to determineif posted workers language skills are good enough. Also treated was how the culture legacy ofthe posted workers primarily from Eastern Europe can collide with the flat Swedishorganization culture and how that is a safety risk at the construction sites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 62
Keywords [en]
Work environment, safety, posted labor, communication, safety routines
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsmiljö, säkerhet, utstationering, kommunikation, säkerhetsrutiner
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68359OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-68359DiVA, id: diva2:1237131
Subject / course
Construction Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2018-08-14Bibliographically approved

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