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The roles of mid-myocardial and epicardial cells in T-wave alternans development: a simulation study
Polish Acad Sci, Nalecz Inst Biocybernet & Biomed Engn, Warsaw, Poland.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9696-4127
Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Measurement Sci, Bratislava, Slovakia.
Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Measurement Sci, Bratislava, Slovakia.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
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2018 (English)In: Biomedical engineering online, ISSN 1475-925X, E-ISSN 1475-925X, Vol. 17, article id 57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The occurrence of T-wave alternans in electrocardiographic signals was recently linked to susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Thus, by detecting and comprehending the origins of T-wave alternans, it might be possible to prevent such events.

Results: Here, we simulated T-wave alternans in a computer-generated human heart model by modulating the action potential duration and amplitude during the first part of the repolarization phase. We hypothesized that changes in the intracardiac alternans patterns of action potential properties would differentially influence T-wave alternans measurements at the body surface. Specifically, changes were simulated globally in the whole left and right ventricles to simulate concordant T-wave alternans, and locally in selected regions to simulate discordant and regional discordant, hereinafter referred to as “regional”, T-wave alternans. Body surface potential maps and 12-lead electrocardiographic signals were then computed. In depth discrimination, the influence of epicardial layers on T-wave alternans development was significantly higher than that of mid-myocardial cells. Meanwhile, spatial discrimination revealed that discordant and regional action potential property changes had a higher influence on T-wave alternans amplitude than concordant changes. Notably, varying T-wave alternans sources yielded distinct body surface potential map patterns for T-wave alternans amplitude, which can be used for location of regions within hearts exhibiting impaired repolarization. The highest ability for T-wave alternans detection was achieved in lead V1. Ultimately, we proposed new parameters Vector Magnitude Alternans and Vector Angle Alternans, with higher ability for T-wave alternans detection when using multi-lead electrocardiographic signals processing than for single leads. Finally, QT alternans was found to be associated with the process of T-wave alternans generation.

Conclusions: The distributions of the body surface T-wave alternans amplitude have been shown to have unique patterns depending on the type of alternans (concordant, discordant or regional) and the location of the disturbance in the heart. The influence of epicardial cells on T-wave alternans development is significantly higher than that of mid-myocardial cells, among which the sub-endocardial layer exerted the highest influence. QT interval alternans is identified as a phenomenon that correlate with T-wave alternans.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 17, article id 57
Keywords [en]
T-wave alternans, Heart model, ECG signal simulation
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356496DOI: 10.1186/s12938-018-0492-6ISI: 000431878300001PubMedID: 29739399OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356496DiVA, id: diva2:1236014
Available from: 2018-07-30 Created: 2018-07-30 Last updated: 2018-07-30Bibliographically approved

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