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The Immersive Virtual Reality Lab: Possibilities for Remote Experimental Manipulations of Autonomic Activity on a Large Scale
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3046-0043
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6355-660x
Goodbye Kansas Studios, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-4548, E-ISSN 1662-453X, Vol. 12, article id 305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a need for large-scale remote data collection in a controlled environment, and the in-home availability of virtual reality (VR) and the commercial availability of eye tracking for VR present unique and exciting opportunities for researchers. We propose and provide a proof-of-concept assessment of a robust system for large-scale in-home testing using consumer products that combines psychophysiological measures and VR, here referred to as a Virtual Lab. For the first time, this method is validated by correlating autonomic responses, skin conductance response (SCR), and pupillary dilation, in response to a spider, a beetle, and a ball using commercially available VR. Participants demonstrated greater SCR and pupillary responses to the spider, and the effect was dependent on the proximity of the stimuli to the participant, with a stronger response when the spider was close to the virtual self. We replicated these effects across two experiments and in separate physical room contexts to mimic variability in home environment. Together, these findings demonstrate the utility of pupil dilation as a marker of autonomic arousal and the feasibility to assess this in commercially available VR hardware and support a robust Virtual Lab tool for massive remote testing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 12, article id 305
Keywords [en]
virtual reality, eye tracking, pupil dilation, SCR, autonomic response
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356497DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2018.00305ISI: 000431692600001PubMedID: 29867318OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356497DiVA, id: diva2:1236012
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1160Available from: 2018-07-30 Created: 2018-07-30 Last updated: 2018-07-30Bibliographically approved

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Juvrud, JoshuaGredebäck, GustafÅhs, FredrikNyström, PärKastrati, GranitRosén, Jörgen
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