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The Child’s Previous Experiences of Health Care Affects on the Child’s Anxiety in Connection to Anaesthetic Induction: A Systematic Review
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Preoperative anxiety in children is a common phenomenon, 40-70% of all children shows signs of fear, distress or anxiety, which peaks during the time of anesthesia induction. These preoperative emotions have also been associated with a number of negative clinical postoperative outcomes including slower postoperative recovery, and higher doses of postoperative analgesia

 

Aim: To summarize published studies that explore the relationship between children´s previous experience of health care and preoperative anxiety in connection with anesthetic induction.

 

Method: A review with systematic approach based on SBU directions was conducted. Articles were searched in PubMed. The methodological quality of the included studies was evaluated. The analysis included both prospective and retrospective observational studies.

 

Results: In all, 13 studies were included. The factor previous negative experience of health care (eg vaccination and previous dental and surgery procedures) increases the distress during the preoperative period. This finding was demonstrated in 70% of all articles that were included in the review.

 

Conclusions: The present review highlights how children’s previous negative experiences of healthcare affect their anxiety during the preoperative period. Attention to pharmacological and psychological issues relieving children´s anxiety at anesthesia induction is important. The health care staff plays an important role, and are responsible in these situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-68273DiVA, id: diva2:1235791
Subject / course
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-27 Created: 2018-07-27 Last updated: 2018-07-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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