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An orthothecid hyolith with a digestive tract from the early Cambrian of Bornholm, Denmark
Uppsala University, Music and Museums, Museum of Evolution.
Natl Museum, Dept Palaeontol, Cirkusova, Horni Pocernice, Czech Republic.
Uppsala University, Music and Museums, Museum of Evolution.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8769-3572
2018 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 140, no 1, p. 25-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The hyolith assemblage from the early Cambrian of Bornholm, Denmark, shows a higher diversity than contemporary assemblages in Baltoscandia. The most common species in the Green Shales (Laesa Formation, Norretorp Member, Cambrian Stage 3), is Hyolithes [=Hyolithus] (Orthotheca) johnstrupi Holm, 1893. A specimen of this species shows a well-preserved and almost complete digestive tract, folded into an approximately 22mm long chevron-like structure comprised of at least 20 arcuate loops on the ventral side and a flattened, gently sinuous to straight anal tube on the dorsal side. The thin, phosphatic outer shell layer of the conch is crushed under the digestive tract due to compaction while the digestive tract is preserved in three dimensions and appears undisturbed. The shape of the digestive tract is similar to that of the middle Cambrian Guduguwan hardmani (Etheridge) from Australia and the lower Cambrian specimens from Russia described by Mekova & Sysoev. The Danish specimen is probably an adult, lending support to the idea that the orthothecid digestive tract becomes more complex during ontogeny. Hyolithus (Orthotheca) johnstrupi is revised and here referred to Circotheca Sysoev, 1958.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2018. Vol. 140, no 1, p. 25-37
Keywords [en]
Orthotheca johnstrupi revised, digestive tract, early Cambrian, Bornholm, Denmark
National Category
Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356329DOI: 10.1080/11035897.2018.1432680ISI: 000432160200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356329DiVA, id: diva2:1235409
Available from: 2018-07-25 Created: 2018-07-25 Last updated: 2018-07-25Bibliographically approved

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