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Undersökning av lexikal organisation hos äldre utan diagnostiserad kognitiv nedsättning genom kartläggning av associationsmönster
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Speech language pathology, Audiology and Otorhinolaryngology.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Speech language pathology, Audiology and Otorhinolaryngology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Lexikal organisation hos äldre personer är ett relativt outforskat område. Studies syfte var att tillföra information om lexikal organisation hos äldre personer med svenska som modersmål i form av kartläggning av associationsmönster, samt att undersöka om samband fanns mellan associationsmönster och benämningsförmåga, ålder samt utbildningsnivå hos ovan nämnda population, då tidigare forskning om detta är begränsad. I studien deltog 45 personer i åldern 60 till 89 år, vilka delades in i tre olika grupper utefter ålder oavsett utbildningsnivå samt tre olika grupper baserade på utbildningsnivå oavsett ålder. Samtliga deltagare genomförde ett testbatteri inkluderande Boston Naming Test och en omarbetad version av Kents och Rosanoffs associationstest. Mini Mental State Examination i svensk revidering användes för att ge en översiktlig bild av deltagargruppens kognitiva förmåga. Resultaten visade att äldre personer har en hög andel paradigmatiska associationer. Vid jämförelse med tidigare forskning om associationsmönster hos unga vuxna upp till 26 år, har äldre en högre andel paradigmatiska associationer. En tendens fanns till ett samband mellan hög utbildningsnivå och högre andel syntagmatiska associationer än hos grupper med lägre utbildningsnivå. Inga samband kunde påvisas varken mellan associationsmönster och benämningsförmåga eller mellan associationsmönster och åldersvariation. 

Abstract [en]

Lexical organisation in the elderly is a relatively unexplored area. The aim of this study was to broaden the understanding of lexical organisation in an elderly, Swedish population through the mapping of associative patterns. The study also aimed to examine if relationships existed between association patterns and naming ability, age and level of education in the above-mentioned population. Participants in the present study were 45 persons between the ages of 60 to 89 years. They all had Swedish as their first language and they did not have any known aphasia or cognitive disorder. Participants were divided into three different groups based on age regardless of level of education, as well as three different groups based on level of education regardless of age level. All participants completed a test battery including Boston Naming Test and a remodelled version of the Kent and Rosanoff Association Test. A Swedish version of the Mini Mental State Examination was carried out to give basic view of cognitive ability in the participants. In comparison with earlier research on association patterns in young adults up to 26 years, older individuals have a higher number of paradigmatic associations. There was a tendency to a relationship between a higher level of education and a high number of syntagmatic associations, in comparison with groups with lower level of education. No relationship was found between association patterns and naming ability or between association patterns and age variation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
paradigmatic associations, syntagmatic associations, naming ability, level of education, age
Keywords [sv]
associationstest, paradigmatiska associationer, syntagmatiska associationer, benämningsförmåga, utbildningsnivå, ålder
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-149802OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-149802DiVA, id: diva2:1235260
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
Presentation
2018-05-22, Digitalis, Medicinska fakulteten LiU, 582 25 Linköping, Linköping, 11:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-08 Created: 2018-07-24 Last updated: 2018-08-08Bibliographically approved

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