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Placera ut de döda: En arkeologisk analys av kroppsposition och begravningsritual inom gropkeramisk kultur på Gotland
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this paper, I analyze body position and orientation based on material from nine grave fields belonging to the Pitted ware culture (3300-2400 BC) on Gotland, Sweden. The archeological sites consist of Ajvide, Fridtorp, Grausne, Gullrum, Hemmor, Ire, Visby, Västerbjers and Västerbys. The aim of the thesis is to generate information, through the use of Correspondence Analysis, about the individuals and similarities and differences in an attempt to discern possible structures in ritual practice. The subject of the thesis is discussed with a focus on ritual based on Pierre Bourdieu's (1977) theories relating to practice and habitus.

The analysis shows that specific body positions were preferred, which expressed minor variations between the archaeological sites. At the same time, it was possible to discern specific practices that were more frequent in certain areas. The dead were most often arranged either in a supine position or on their sides with knees straight or flexed, in a crouched position. The placement of the body in flexed position expressed a distinct differentiation linked to the degree of contraction of the knee- and hip joint, which show that there existed guidelines or standards in the practice of body position. The result also indicated age and gender differentiations expressed through skeletal position and orientation, which were expressed differently within some of the populations. The study has identified both regional and local patterns in ritual practice in relation to body position and orientation. Possible interpretations relating to similarities and differences in the material are further discussed in the thesis in order to identify a ritual context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 78
Keywords [en]
Body position, burials, Pitted Ware culture, ritual, Middle Neolithic, Gotland, Correspondence Analysis
Keywords [sv]
kroppsposition, gravar, Gropkeramisk kultur, ritual, mellanneolitikum, Gotland, korrespondensanalys
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356171DiVA, id: diva2:1233578
Subject / course
Archaeology (HGO)
Educational program
One-year master in archaeology (HGO)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-07-18 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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