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Logistikprinciper
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Applied Mechanical Engineering (KTH Södertälje).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Applied Mechanical Engineering (KTH Södertälje).
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Logistics principles (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport behandlar logistikprinciper som innebär olika logistiska strategier för att uppnå bästa möjliga arbetsmetod. På Scanias motorbearbetning är de logistikprinciper som följs idag mestadels baserade på tidigare erfarenheter och därmed saknar den vetenskaplig grund.

Syftet med rapporten är att analysera teorier inom logistik och styrka de logistikprinciper som tagits fram av logistikavdelningen på Scanias motorbearbetning samt rangordna dem. I teoridelen har fokus legat på att ge en större insikt i ämnet logistikprinciper samt att benämna andra principer som påverkar logistiken på Scania.

Insamling av de grundläggande teorier som rapporten innehåller utfördes genom en litteraturstudie där kurslitteraturer och datainsamling bearbetades. Intervjuer och enkätundersökning har utförts bland personalen på den berörda avdelningen för att samla in information som ger en bättre bild av nuläget.

För att rangordna principerna användes ett teoretiskt mätinstrument, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), som går ut på att analysera ett beslutsproblem. Metoden kan tydligt visualisera hur olika parametrar har inverkan på varandra i en hierarkisk struktur och hur parvisa jämförelser ger en prioriteringsordning av indata.

Logistikprinciperna delades in i fyra kategorier och användes som indata i AHP-analysen. Resultatet användes sedan som grund till prioriteringsordningen av logistikprinciperna.

Abstract [en]

This report is about logistics principles that involve different logistics strategies to achieve the best working method which helps to improve a work environment and optimize productivity. The logistics principles that are being used today on Scania’s engine processing workshop are mostly based on past experiences and therefore there is a lack of scientific basis.

The purpose of the report is to analyze theories within logistics and then based on facts confirm and rank the principles that has been developed by the Logistics Department of Scania’s engine processing workshop. In theory part, the focus has been on giving a greater insight into the subject of logistics principles and term other principles that affect logistics at Scania.

The collection of the theories for the report was conducted through a literature study where course literature and data collection were processed. Interviews and surveys have been conducted among the staff of the relevant department to gather information that gives a better picture of the current situation.

In order to rank the principles, a theoretical measuring instrument called Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to analyze a decision problem. The method can visualize how different parameters have an impact on each other and how paired comparisons provide a priority order of input.

The logistics principles were divided in four categories and used as inputs in the AHP analysis. The result was then used to rank the logistics principles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Logistics principles, AHP, Material flow, SPS
Keywords [sv]
Logistikprinciper, AHP, Materialflöde, SPS
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-232143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-232143DiVA, id: diva2:1232588
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-12 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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