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Kostens hälsomässiga effekter hos kvinnor i fertil ålder: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dietary Health Effects in Women at a Fertile Age : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning

Generella riktlinjer för kost och hälsa har historiskt utformats utifrån forskning på män, vilket resulterat i att kvinnor i fertil ålder ofta blivit missförstådda, misstolkade och felbehandlade. Låggradig inflammation, snabbmat och den moderna livsstilen, misstänks vara grund för flera sjukdomar vilka övervägande drabbar kvinnor. Syftet med studien var en kartläggning och kritisk granskning av forskning på hälsa och ohälsa hos kvinnor i fertil ålder relaterad till kosthållning.

Metod

Studien är en litteraturöversikt över tio artiklar fokuserade på kvinnor i fertil ålders hälsa och ohälsa i relation till kost. Artiklarna har systematiskt analyserats och sammanfattats.

Resultat

Resultatet visade att kvinnors fertilitet, inträdet av klimakteriet, premenstruella besvär och sjukdomar tycks relaterade till fysiska obalanser och inflammation samt påverkas av kostval. Gula och gröna grönsaker och frukter, fibrer, vegetabiliskt protein och antiinflammatorisk kost var att föredra för goda hälsoeffekter.

Diskussion

Kostens betydelse för fertilitet och hälsa hos kvinnor i fertil ålder var tydlig och sammanlagda effekter av nutrienter i kost verkar överträffa enskilda tillskott. Kunskapsspridning och mer forskning är essentiell för att stärka gruppens hälsa, främja empowerment samt möjliggöra goda bio-psyko-sociala effekter.

Abstract [en]

Introduction

General diet and health guidelines have historically been designed based on research on men, with the result that women of childbearing age have often been misunderstood, misinterpreted and mistreated. Low-grade inflammation, fast food and modern lifestyle, is thought to be the basis of several diseases predominantly afflicted by women. The purpose of the study was a survey and critical review of health and ill health research in women of childbearing age related to dietary choices.

Method

The study is a literature review of ten articles focusing on health and ill health of women at child bearing age in relation to diet. The articles have been systematically analyzed and summarized.

Results

The results showed that women's fertility, the onset of menopause, premenstrual disorders and diseases appear to be related to physical imbalances and inflammation and were affected by dietary choices. Yellow and green vegetables and fruits, fiber, vegetable protein and an antiinflammatory diet displayed extra beneficial health effects.

Discussion

The importance of diet for fertility and health in women of childbearing age was clear and the combined effects of nutrients in diet appear to exceed individual supplements. Knowledge dissemination as well as research is essential for strengthening the group's health, promoting empowerment as well as make room for good bio-psycho-social effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Fertility, Menopause, Women, Premenstrual Syndrome, Diet
Keywords [sv]
fertilitet, klimakterium, kvinnor, premenstruellt syndrom, kost
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15965DiVA, id: diva2:1232537
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Presentation
2018-06-01, Högskolan i Skövde, Skövde, 10:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-19 Created: 2018-07-11 Last updated: 2018-07-19Bibliographically approved

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Kostens hälsomässiga effekter hos kvinnor i fertil ålder - Kampe(868 kB)4 downloads
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