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Sjukvårdspersonalens mobiltelefoner - kontaminering med mikroorganismer: En beskrivande litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Användning av mobiltelefoner har blivit vanligt inom sjukvården. Studier är utförda för att undersöka mobiltelefonernas för- och nackdelar. Ett område är hygien relaterat till användning av mobiltelefoner inom sjukvården. Syfte: Att beskriva i vilken omfattning, och med vilka mikroorganismer, mobiltelefoner som användes av sjukvårdspersonal var kontaminerade. Samt att redogöra för forskarnas datainsamlingsmetod. Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie, med sjutton kvantitativa artiklar. Sökningar gjordes i Pubmed och Cinahl. Sökorden var; mobile phone, cell phone, healthcare infection, bacteria, microorganisms, pathogens. Resultaten samanställdes, och presenterades i kategorier som relaterade till syftet. Resultat: Resultatet visade att flertalet undersökta mobiltelefoner var kontaminerade med olika typer av mikroorganismer. Koagulasnegativa stafylokocker var vanligast, och övriga bakterier förekom i olika grad. Åtta studier redovisade förekomst av resistenta bakterier. Två studier visade förekomst av virus, och en studie redovisade Candida kontaminering av mobiltelefoner. Metodgranskningen visade att provtagningarna hade gått till på olika vis i de inkluderade studierna, olika provtagningsmaterial hade använts, och att forskarna beskrev metoderna olika. Slutsatser: En stor andel av mobiltelefonerna var kontaminerade med olika typer av mikroorganismer. Mobiltelefoner skulle kunna vara en potentiell risk vid smittspridning inom sjukvården. Desinfektion av mobiltelefoner, och noggrann handhygien i samband med telefonanvändning, borde kunna ses som lämpliga åtgärder. Ytterligare forskning skulle behövas inom området.

Nyckelord: mobiltelefoner, sjukvårdspersonal, kontaminering, mikroorganismer, bakterier. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The use of mobile phones has become widespread in the health care system. Studies have been conducted to examine mobile phones pros and cons within the health care system. One of the examined areas is hygiene related to the use of mobile phones. Objective: To describe the extent to which cell phones used by healthcare professionals have been shown to be contaminated, and to describe the types of micro-organisms. To give a description of the scientists ' data collection method. Method: Descriptive literature review, with 17 quantitative articles. Searches were made in Pubmed and Cinahl. The search words were; mobile phone, cell phone, healthcare infection, bacteria, microorganisms, pathogens. The result was presented in categories that are related to the purpose. Results: The results showed that the majority of included mobile phones were contaminated with various types of micro-organisms. Coagulase-negative staphylococci was most common, and other bacteria existed in varying degrees. Eight studies reported the presence of resistant bacteria. Two studies showed the presence of the virus, and one study reported Candida contamination of cell phones. The methodology review showed that the samples had gone to in various ways in the included studies, various sampling materials had been used, and that the researchers described the methods different. Conclusions: A large percentage of mobile phones were contaminated with various types of micro-organisms. Mobile phones could be a potential risk of infection in healthcare settings. Disinfection of mobile phones, and thorough hand hygiene associated with phone use, should be seen as the appropriate action. Further research would be needed in the area.

Keywords: mobile phones, healthcare professionals, contamination, micro-organisms, bacteria.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [sv]
mobiltelefoner, sjukvårdspersonal, kontaminering, mikroorganismer, bakterier
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27571OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27571DiVA, id: diva2:1232123
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Available from: 2018-07-18 Created: 2018-07-10 Last updated: 2018-07-18Bibliographically approved

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